Glossary: O

h¹b
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  Shofar A Glossary of
Unfamiliar Terms
Ten Commandments Tablets  
    Compiled from numerous source documents
by
Ari Levitt*
ThM, ThD, DMin, MBA, CNHP
 
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Abbreviations Used In This Glossary

abbr. = abbreviated

alt. = alternate

Ar. = Aramaic

esp. = especially

Gr. = Greek

Heb. = Hebrew

lit. = literally

n. = noun

pl. = plural

pron. = pronounced

prop. = properly

sg. = singular

usu. = usually

v. = verb

Yid. = Yiddish

Transliteration/Pronunciation GuideBooks of the BibleProper NamesTribes of IsraelThe Mishnah

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Appendix Pronunciation [More]

w

ochel
eater
 
od zman
more time
 
of haShomayim
birds of heaven
 
ofen ort
immediately
 
ogen
anchor
 
ohavei kesef
lovers of money
 
ohavei ta’anugot
lovers of pleasures
 
Ohel Mo’ed
the “Tent of Meeting”
 
ohev es haTov
a lover of the good
 
ohev riv
quarrelsome
 
ohevet shalom
peace-loving
 
oholim
tents
 
ohr
light
 
oib azoi
consequently
 
oif eibik
forever
 
ois vaist
ostensibly
 
oisgehalten
trustworthy
 
oisher
rich man; ashir
 
oketz
the stalk of the etrog
 
okhel
food
 
ol
yoke
 
olah
burnt offering in Temple
 
olalim; ollelim
infants
 
olam
world; more literally as “everything,” so probably better translated as universe, everything, eternal, eternity
 
Olam HaBa
(alt. Olam HaBah or Olam Habba) (lit. the world to come) depending on context, refers to (a) the life of the soul after death, or to (b) the time after Messiah comes, or the Messianic Kingdom age, or (c) the “new creation” of the Revelation.
 
Olam HaZeh
the world which is; the present age; world of toil
 
olamim
ages
 
oman
artist
 
omein
(alt. amen, amein) so be it; surely, truly
 
omenet
governess
 
omer
sheaf or bushel of grain
 
ometz lev
boldness
 
omnot
governesses
 
onan (alt. onen)
mourner (between death and burial) … a mourning relative
 
Oneg Shabbat
(lit. joy of the Sabbath) reception after Friday night services, which includes refreshments, socializing, and, sometimes, Israeli dancing or a discussion
 
onesh
punishment; penalty
 
onesh mavet
the death penalty
 
oni
poverty
 
oniyah
sailing vessel
 
Onkelos
a targum on the Pentateuch
 
orchim ratzuy
welcome guests
 
orev
raven
 
orlah
fruit picked during the first three years after planting which is forbidden by the Torah
 
ormah
cunning
 
orthodox
(lit. correct worship) according to a correct interpretation of the Scriptures; a modern term to distinguish “traditional” Jews from those who allow departure from tradition. Contemporary orthodoxy would be akin to ancient Phariseeism.
 
oseh ra’ah
an evil doer
 
Oseif
Gathering of the Nobles
 
osher
riches
 
ozniah
osprey
 
ot
miraculous sign (pl. otot)
 
otzar
treasury (pl. otzarot)
 
ovdei elilim
idolaters
 
oy
woe
 
oyev
enemy (pl. oyevim; oyvim)
 
oz
power
 
ozen
ear (pl. oznayim)
 
ozer
helper (pl. ozrim)
 

Page last updated on Wednesday, 03 August 2016 11:21 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes after May 3, 2015 are identified as "Revisions”)