Glossary: L

h¹b
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  Shofar A Glossary of
Unfamiliar Terms
Ten Commandments Tablets  
    Compiled from numerous source documents
by
Ari Levitt*
ThM, ThD, DMin, MBA, CNHP
 
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Abbreviations Used In This Glossary

abbr. = abbreviated

alt. = alternate

Ar. = Aramaic

esp. = especially

Gr. = Greek

Heb. = Hebrew

lit. = literally

n. = noun

pl. = plural

pron. = pronounced

prop. = properly

sg. = singular

usu. = usually

v. = verb

Yid. = Yiddish

Transliteration/Pronunciation GuideBooks of the BibleProper NamesTribes of IsraelThe Mishnah

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Appendix Pronunciation [More]

L  l

l’olam
everything, forever, the universe
 
Ladino
Judeo-Spanish; the everyday language of Sephardic Jews
 
Lag baOmer
33rd day of 50 days of Omer
 
lailah
night
 
lamdan
a Torah scholar with prodigious knowledge
 
Lamnatze’ach Ya’ancha Hashem
Psalm 20, recited on weekdays to mark sorrow and supplication
 
lashav
in vain
 
lashon
tongue, speech
 
lashon horah
evil speech
 
latreia
ministration of God, i.e. worship
divine service
 
lavan
white
 
Lech Lecha
the third portion in the Book of Genesis
 
lechem
food; bread
 
lechem chukeinu
the food we need each day; lit. “our daily bread;” Mt. 6:11
 
lechem ha’amitti
the true bread
 
Lechem HaPanim
the Bread of the Presence, Bread of Surfaces, specially shaped loaves placed weekly on the Table in the Tabernacle and Temple, represented the Bread of the Almighty
 
lechem mishneh
two loaves required for the blessing on Sabbath and Festival meals
 
lehitpalel
lit. to judge oneself; the Hebrew word meaning “to pray”
 
leitzonus
mockery; fun
 
lemaskana
finally
 
lernen
Torah learning; study
 
Leshanah Tovah Tikatevu
Literally: May you be inscribed [in the Book of Life] for a good year; Rosh haShanah greeting, sometimes shortened to Shanah Tovah
 
leshonot
tongues
 
letzim; leitzim
mockers/scorners; coarse jesting
 
lev
heart
 
lev rogez
anxious heart
 
levavot
hearts
 
Levi
one of the 12 sons of Ya’acov, ancestor of Moshe and Aharon; a Servant in the Sanctuary, a Sage of the Talmud
 
leviathan
sea monster mentioned in Job, of which the pious will eat at the resurrection
 
levirate
the institution of the brother-in-law (marrying his brothers widow)
 
Levites
the tribe of Levi; the hereditary lineage from which came the priests and others who ministered in the Temple … the direct descendants of Aahron served as cohenim, the rest of the tribe served as Levites
 
lichora
apparently
 
limin
at the right hand
 
limmud
instruction
 
Lion of the Tribe of Judah
a name for HaMashiach, based on Revelation 5:5; cf. Isaiah 11:1
 
lismol
at the left hand
 
lo poreh
unfruitful
 
loin
wages
 
loit
according to
 
lomdes
cleverness; erudition
 
lomdish
intricate and complicated to understand
 
lu yetzuuyar
assuming
 
luach
tablet
 
lulav
palm branch, with myrtle and willow sprigs attached; with the etrog, it is the symbol of Sukkot … a palm branch taken as one of the four species on the Feast of Tabernacles  … also used to refer to all four species used on Sukkot: palm branch, myrtle branch, willow, and citron. (pl. Lulavim)
 

Page last updated on Wednesday, 03 August 2016 11:21 AM
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Major content changes after May 3, 2015 are identified as "Revisions”)