Glossary: G

h¹b
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  Shofar A Glossary of
Unfamiliar Terms
Ten Commandments Tablets  
    Compiled from numerous source documents
by
Ari Levitt*
ThM, ThD, DMin, MBA, CNHP
 
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Abbreviations Used In This Glossary

abbr. = abbreviated

alt. = alternate

Ar. = Aramaic

esp. = especially

Gr. = Greek

Heb. = Hebrew

lit. = literally

n. = noun

pl. = plural

pron. = pronounced

prop. = properly

sg. = singular

usu. = usually

v. = verb

Yid. = Yiddish

Transliteration/Pronunciation GuideBooks of the BibleProper NamesTribes of IsraelThe Mishnah

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Appendix Pronunciation [More]

G

ga’avah
conceit; haughtiness; arrogance; pride
 
ga’avtanim
proud boasters
 
Gaayonim
the Haughty ones
 
Gabai
the leader of the Synagogue (pl. Gaba’im)
 
gadlus
with remarkable superiority
 
gadol
great
 
gahn
(alt. gan) garden
 
Galatianism
An early heresy that insisted that in order to become part of primitive Messianic Judaism (later to be perverted as “Christianity” by the Roman Emperor Constantine), non-Jews must be circumcised and obey the entire Oral Tradition of the Rabbis in addition to Yeshua’s instruction to be obedient to Torah. Today, the term is also used of the belief that the whole Torah must be obeyed in order to either gain salvation or to be identified with modern Messianic Judaism. A common error within much of the modern Messianic movement. Also used disparagingly of those who expect others to follow their own personal lists of what’s right and what’s wrong. (see also Judaize)
 
Galus
Exile (“Galus mentality” is docile and submissive)
 
Gamaliel
a celebrated rabbi of the early part of the first century, the teacher of Shliach Sha’ul (the Apostle Paul)
 
Gan Eden
Paradise; literally, Garden of Eden
 
ganav
thief (pl. ganavim)
 
ganav balailah
thief in the night
 
gantz
exceedingly
 
gantze nachon
entirely correct
 
Gaon
(Excellency) Reverential title of heads of Talmudic academies of Sura and Pumbedita, Babylonia. Rabbi Elijah of Wilna was accorded that title in the eighteenth century … the head of a Torah Center in Babylonia in the post-Talmudic era (pl. Ge’onim)
 
gargeer hakhitah
grain of wheat
 
gartel
belt
 
God (some names of)
Adonai, Elohim, El Shaddai, YHWH, HaKadosh Baruch Hu, Ribono shel Olam, Harachaman, Avinu Shebashamayim
 
geder
classification
 
gedolah
great (pl. gedolim)
 
Gedolim
Great Ones; Great (Rabbinic) Leaders
 
gedulah
greatness
 
gefeirlich
horribly
 
gefilte fish
(Yid.) fish balls or cakes made of ground fish, eggs, matzo meal, onions, and spices
 
Gehinnom
(alt. Gehinom) lit. Valley of Hinnom, the Jerusalem city dump where the fires from the burning refuse were never extinguished; Yeshua used this place as a type or picture when teaching of the place of punishment of the unregenerate in the afterlife … Hell
 
Gelili
inhabitant of the Galil (Galilee)
 
gelt
(Yid.) money; traditionally given as a Hanukah gift and used for the dreidel game
 
Gemar Chatimah Tovah
lit. “May the final sealing be good” … traditional greeting from the end of Rosh haShanah through Yom Kippur
 
Gemara
collection of legal and ethical discussions of the rabbis of the third through the fifth centuries, edited about 500 CE; together with the Mishnah forms the Talmud
 
Gematria
finding meanings in the numerical value of Hebrew letters and words; Jewish numerology
 
gemul tzodek
just retribution
 
genevot
thefts
 
Gentile
of or pertaining to any people who are not Jewish
 
ger
(alt. gioret ) properly, a guest; by implication, a foreigner
alien, sojourner, stranger
the masculine and feminine forms of the Hebrew term for convert or proselyte (pl. gerim)
 
Ger Sheker
proselyte who declares full conversion for ulterior motives
 
Ger Toshav
proselyte who accepts monotheism and the Noahide laws, and who receives courtesies and privileges
 
Ger Tzedek
full convert of true conviction, in all respects to be considered a Jew
 
gerim
proselytes (sg. ger)
 
gerush shedim
exorcism
 
gerusha
divorcee
 
Gerut
the process of conversion to Judaism
 
geshem
rain
 
geshmak
pleasure
 
geshrai
a scream
 
get
religious divorce; the word is used to refer to a Jewish bill of divorcement
 
geter iska
“transaction permit” allowing a money lender to take interest by making him a partner of the borrower sharing his profits
 
geulah
redemption
 
gevaltike
(Yid.) extraordinary
 
gever
male
 
geviya; geviyah
corpse
 
gevurah
miraculous power
 
gevurot
mighty deeds
 
Gevurot Geshamim
“the Power of Rain”, a Praise to God for the revelation of His powers in Nature, added to the silent prayer
 
gezar din
verdict
 
gezel
robbery
 
Gezerah
laws or traditions added by the Pharisees as “fences” around the existing law in an attempt to prevent it from being broken
 
gibbor
strong man
 
gidduf
blasphemy
 
giddufim
revilements
 
gilui arayot
sexual immorality
 
giyyur
proselytization
 
gneyvot
thefts
 
Go’el
Redeemer
 
Go’el Yisrael
“The Redeemer of Israel”, one of the eighteen benedictions of the Amidah prayer
 
gofrit
sulfur
 
goilomim; goilem
foolish people
 
goirem
driving force
 
goires
listen to
 
golus
exile
 
gonvei nefesh
kidnapper; slave dealers
 
gor
very
 
Goy
nation, foreigner, stranger, Gentile, non-Jew (pl. Goyim)
 
goyim
nations; generally applied to non-Jews, but also used to refer to the nation of Israel
grahda
as a matter of fact; in reality
 
Great Hallel, The
Hebrew designation for Psalm 136 (see Hallel)
 
grogger
(alt. greegers, graggers) noisemaker used to drown out Haman’s name during the reading of the Megillah on Purim
 
groise
eminent
 
guddal
being brought up
 
gufaniyut
corporeality; having a physical body
 
gufot
bodies
 
Gulgolta
 (alt. Golgoltha) a hill outside Yerushalayim called “the Skull” on which Yeshua was crucified. Sometimes referred to as Calvary. Some believe this to be Mt. Moriah, the site of Avraham/Abraham’s offering of Yitz’chak/Isaac
 
gzeira
authoritative command
 

Page last updated on Wednesday, 03 August 2016 11:21 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes after May 3, 2015 are identified as "Revisions”)