Glossary:

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  Shofar A Glossary of
Unfamiliar Terms
Ten Commandments Tablets  
    Compiled from numerous source documents
by
Ari Levitt*
ThM, ThD, DMin, MBA, CNHP
 
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See also Words to be Added

   

Abbreviations Used In This Glossary

abbr. = abbreviated

alt. = alternate

Ar. = Aramaic

esp. = especially

Gr. = Greek

Heb. = Hebrew

lit. = literally

n. = noun

pl. = plural

pron. = pronounced

prop. = properly

sg. = singular

usu. = usually

v. = verb

Yid. = Yiddish

Transliteration/Pronunciation GuideBooks of the BibleProper NamesTribes of IsraelThe Mishnah

This is a work in progress, and will very probably be so for many, many months.
Please expect it to be different the next time you visit our website.

For more Hebrew words and phrases, you might enjoy Jacob Richman's "Learn Hebrew" website at
http://www.learn-hebrew.co.il/. Be sure to check out his "About / Help" link for more tools and sites.

 

Use this “Jump Bar” to directly to any letter of the AlephBet
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Appendix Pronunciation [More]

 

Some Proper Names

Aharon — Aaron

Avraham — Abraham

Balshatzar — Belshazzar, King of Babylonia

Chavakuk — Habakkuk

Eliyahu — Elijah

Esav — Esau

Ester — Esther

Hoshea — Hosea

Irmeyahu — Jeremiah

Mattitiyahu — Matthew

Menasheh — Manasseh

Moshe — Moses

Nechemiah — Nehemiah

Rechavam — Rehoboam, King of Judah

Rivkah — Rebekah

 

Rut — Ruth

Shimshon — Samson

Shlomo — Solomon

Shmuel — Samuel

Tzidkiyahu — Zedekiah, King of Judah

Yitzhak — (alt. Yitz’chak, Itzchak) Isaac

Ya’akov — Jacob

Yechezkel — Ezekiel

Yechoniah — Jeconiah, King of Judah

Yehoshua — Joshua

Yerovam — Jeroboam, King of Israel

Yeshayahu — Isaiah

Yochanan — John

Yonah — Jonah

Yosef — Joseph


The Tribes (Families) of Israel

Asher — the Tribe of Asher

Binyamin — the Tribe of Benjamin

Efrayim — the Tribe of Ephraim

Issachar — the Tribe of Issachar

Levi — the Tribe of Levi

 

Menashe — the Tribe of Menashe

Reuven — the Tribe of Reuben

Shimon — the Tribe of Simeon

Yehudah — the Tribe of Judah

Zevulun — the Tribe of Zebulun
Dan, Gad, Naphtali, Joseph


Partial Listing of the Mishnah

Zeraim — Order of the Mishnah (seeds)
regarding ritual laws, blessings, prayers:

Berakhot
Peah
Demai
Kilayim
Shebiit
Terumot
Maaserot
Masser Sheni
Hallah
Orlah
Bikkurim

Moed — Order of the Mishnah (festivals)
regarding the Sabbath and all festivals:

Shabbat
Erubin
Pesahim
Sheqalim
Yoma
Sukkah
Besah
Rosh haShanah
Taanit
Megillah
Moed Qatan
Hagigah

Nashim — Order of the Mishnah (women) regarding marriage, divorce, relationships:

Yebamot
Ketubot
Nedarim
Nazir
Sotah
Gittin
Baba Qamma
Baba Mesia
Baba Batra
Sanhedrin
Makkot
Shabuot
Eduyyot
Abodah Zarah
Abot
Horayot

Nezikin — Order of the Mishnah (damages)
regarding civil and criminal law:

Zebahim
Menahot
Hullin
Bekhorot
Arakhin
Temurah
Keritot
Meilah
Tamid
Middot
Qinnin

Kodashim — Order of the Mishnah (holy things) regarding sacrificial laws, Temple observance:

Kelim
Ohalot
Negaim
Parah
Tohorot
Miqvaot
Niddah
Makhshirin
Zabim
Tebul-Yom
Yadayim
Uqsin

Tohorot — Order of the Mishnah (purification)
regarding things clean and unclean

Hashochad ye`avveir einei chachomim 
“Bribery blinds the eyes of the wise.” — Deuteronomy 16:19

Hechsher — Certification of compliance with Jewish law

Kovod Hatorah — Honor of Torah

Olam hazeh - This world [in this context: material pleasures]

Rabbonim — Rabbis

Rosh (pl. roshei) Yeshiva — The head of a rabbinical academy

Rosho (masculine plural: Resho`im) — Wicked

Taharah — Purity

Tsaddik (masculine plural: tsaddikim) — Righteous

Tum’ah -Uncleanliness

Zt’l — Acronym for “Zeicher tsaddik livracha” “The memory of the righteous [shall be] for a blessing ” — Proverbs 10:7


Books of the Bible
in Hebrew and English

The Books of the Tanakh (listed alphabetically)

Bamidbar — Numbers

Beresheet (alt. Bereishit) — Genesis

Chavakuk — Habakkuk

Chumash Hapikudim — The Book of Numbers

Divrey Hayamim — Chronicles

Dvarim (alt. Mishneh Torah)- Deuteronomy

Echah — Lamentations — read on Tishah Be’av

Ester — Esther — read on Purim

Hoshea — Hosea

Irmeyahu — Jeremiah

Kohelet — Ecclesiastes — read on Sukkot

Melachim — Kings

Mishlei (alt. Mishley al. Mishlev) — Proverbs

Nechemiah — Nehemiah

Rut — Ruth — read on Shavuot

Shir Hashirim — Song of Songs — read on Pesach

Shmot — Exodus

Shmuel — Samuel

Shofetim (alt. Shofitim) — Judges

Tehillim (alt. Tehilim) — Psalms

Vayikra — Leviticus

Yonah — Jonah

 

The TaNaKh
English Hebrew Remarks
Torah — Divine Instruction
Genesis B'resheet In [the] beginning
(The book of beginning)
Exodus Sh'mot Names
(The Book of Redemption)
Leviticus Wayikra / Vayikra And he called
(Works & Ministry)
Numbers B'midbar In the Wilderness
Deuteronomy D'varim [These are the] Words
(The Repetition of Torah)
Nevhi'im — The Prophets
The Former Prophets
Joshua Y'hoshua YHWH is Salvation
(Warfare & Victory)
Judges Shof'tim Adonai Raise up Judges
1 Samuel
2 Samuel
Sh'mu'el Alef
Sh'mu'el Beit
Asked [heard] of G‑d
(Transition and establishment
of Monarchy)
* The reason for dividing the the books of the Tanakh was to keep the scrolls to a
   manageable size.
1 Kings
2 King
M'lakim Alef
M'lakim Beit
Kings / Kingdoms
(Evangelical Prophet)
The Latter Prophets
Isaiah Yesha'yahu YHWH is Salvation
(Oracles, prophecies)
Jeremiah Yirmeyahu YHWH will raise or lift up
(Activities of the Prophet
in Exile in Babylon)
Ezekiel Yechezk'el YHWH Strengthens
The Twelve
Hosea Hoshea Salvation (Servant of Yahweh)
Joel Yo'el YHWH is God
(Compassion of Yahweh;
HaShem's Grace)
Amos Amos Burden
Obadiah Ovadyah Worshipper of YHWH
Jonah Yonah Dove
Micah Mikhah Who is like YHWH?
Nahum Nachum Consolation; Consoler
Habakkuk Havakuk Embrace; Embracer
Zephaniah Tz'fanyah YHWH Hides
YHWH Has Hidden
Haggai Hagai Festive; Festival
Zechariah Z'kharyah YHWH Remembers
Malachi Mala'akhi Messenger of YHWH
Kethubhim — The Writings
Poetical Books
Psalms Tehillim Praises
Proverbs Mishlei Proverbs; Parables
Job Iyov; Iyyob
Megilloth — Five Rolls
Song Of Solomon Shir Hashirim Song of Songs
Ruth Rut Ruth
Lamentations Eikhah Ah, how! Alas!
Ecclesiastes Kohelet One who assembles
Esther Ester Hadassah (Myrtle)
Historical Books
Daniel Dani'el G‑d is my judge
Ezra 'Ezra Edsra
Nehemiah Nechemyah  
1 Chronicles
2 Chronicles
Divrei Hayamin Alef
Divrei Hayamin Beit
The affairs [words] of the days
 
Apostolic Writings
(“Brit Chadasha ” or “Renewed Covenant”)
English Hebrew Remarks
The Gospel — Besuras HaGeulah — Good News
Matthew The Besuras HaGeulah
According to Mattityahu
Yeshua as King Mashiach
Melech HaMashiach (Ben David)
Mark The Besuras HaGeulah
According to Markis
Yeshua as Servant
Luke The Besuras HaGeulah
According to Lucas
Yeshua as the Perfect Man
(Ben Adam)
John The Besuras HaGuelah
According to Yochanan
Yeshua as Deity
History
Acts Gevurot Meyruach HaKodesh The Work of Ruach HaKodesh
in the primitive Miqra
Epistles (Letters)
Letters from Mashiach through the Shliach Sha'ul
Romans Shliach Sha'ul’s Letter
to the Miqra in Rome
The Theology of Grace Explained
1 Corinthians Shliach Sha'ul’s First Letter
to the Miqra in Corinth
 
2 Corinthians Shliach Sha'ul 's Second Letter
to the Miqra in Corinth
 
Galatians Shliach Sha'ul's Letter
to the Miqra in Galatia
 
Ephesians Shliach Sha'ul's Letter
to the Miqra in Ephesus
 
Philippians Shliach Sha'ul's Letter
to the Miqra in Philippi
 
Colossians Shliach Sha'ul's Letter
to the Miqra in Colossae
 
1 Thessalonians Shliach Sha'ul's First Letter
to the Miqra in Thessalonika
 
2 Thessalonians Shliach Sha'ul's Second Letter
to the Miqra in Thessalonika
 
1 Timothy Shliach Sha'ul's First Letter
to the Shliach Timotiyos
 
2 Timothy Shliach Sha'ul's Second Letter
to the Shliach Timotiyos 
 
Titus Shliach Sha'ul's Letter
to Titos
 
Philemon Shliach Sha'ul's Letter
to Philemon
 
Mashiach's Letter to Messianic Hebrews in the Diaspora
Hebrews Mashiach's Letter to the
Ma'aminim HaMeschichiym
from among the Yehudim
Yeshua HaMeshiach as
Cohen HaGadol
Letters from the Other Shliachim
James Shliach Ya'akov's Letter
to the Miqra
 
1 Peter Shliach Shimon Kefa's
First Letter to the Miqra
 
2 Peter Shliach Shimon Kefa's
Second Letter to the Miqra
 
1 John Shliach Yochanan's First Letter
to the Miqra
 
2 John Shliach Yochanan's Second Letter
to the Miqra
 
3 John Shliach Yochanan's Third Letter
to the Miqra
 
Jude Shliach Yehuda's Letter
to the Miqra valign
 
Prophecy — Mashiach Returns!
Revelation Hisgalus Mashiach BenDavid establishes
the Kingdom

Page last updated on Wednesday, 03 August 2016 11:21 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes after May 3, 2015 are identified as "Revisions”)