Chayei Sarah

h"b
This day in Jewish History

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“For out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”

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Unless otherwise indicated, Scripture quotations are my own rendering
based on the Hebrew Names Version, which is in the public domain.

Parashot Index

פָּרָשָׁה חַיֵּי שָׂרָה

Parashah Chayei Sarah
“The Life of Sarah”
B'resheet (Genesis) 23:1-25:18

Jewish Man Reading Torah Scroll

This week's commentary from First Fruits of Zion (Messianic)
This week's commentary from Aish.com (Rabbinical)
This week’s commentary from Hebrew4Christians.com (Christian)

This Week’s Reading Schedule

Sunday

Review and meditate on
last week’s Parashah

Monday

Rishon [1st]: 23:1-16
Sheni [2nd]: 23:17-24:9

Tuesday

Shlishi [3rd]: 24:10-26
R'vi'i [4th]: 24:27-52

Wednesday

Chamishi [5th]: 24:53-67
Shishi [6th]: 25:1-11

Thursday

Shvi'i [7th]: 25:12-15
Maftir [Concluding]: 25:16-18

Friday

Haftarah:

Ketuvei HaShalichim

Mattityahu 8:19-22
Mattityahu 27:9-10
Lukas 9:57-62


Torah

The Blessing of the Torah
Aliya: (the one who “goes up” to read)  
Bar-khu et Adonai ham-vor-ack.
(Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised.)
Barchu
Congregation:  
Ba-rookh Adonai ham-vor-ack ley-oh-lam vah-ed.
(Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised for all eternity.)
Hahmvorahch
All:  
Ba-rookh Adonai ham-vor-ack ley-oh-lam vah-ed.
(Praise ADONAI Who is worthy to be praised for all eternity.)
 
Hahmvorahch
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah oh-lahm,
ah-sher ba-char ba-noo me-kol ha-ah­meem,
v’na-tahn lah-noo et torah-toe,
ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, no-tane hah-torah.


Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has chosen us from all peoples
and given us His Torah.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.

Click here to listen to this sung by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen of
Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT.

Rishon [1st]: 23:1-16

The Death and Burial of Sarah

23 1Sarah lived one hundred twenty-seven years; this was the length of Sarah’s life. 2Sarah died in Kiryat-Arba (also called Hevron), in the land of Kena'an. Avraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her. 3Avraham got up from before his dead wife and spoke to the sons of Het, saying, 4“I am a stranger and a foreigner living with you; let me a burial site with you, so I may bury my dead wife.”

5Sons children of Het answered Avraham, 6“Listen to us, my lord. You are a prince of God among us. Choose the best of our tombs to bury your dead. None of us would refuse you his own tomb for burying your dead.”

7Avraham got up, bowed to the people of the land, the sons of Het, 8and spoke to them, “If you wish to help me bury my dead, listen to me; ask 'Efron Ben-Tzochar 9to give me the cave of Makhpelah that he owns, the one in the end of his field. He should sell it to me in your presence at its full value; then I will own it for a burial site.”

10Now 'Efron the Hitti [Hittite] was sitting with the sons of Het, and he answered Avraham in the presence of the sons of Het, who were the ruling council of the city. 11“No, my lord, listen to me. I give you the field and the cave that is in it. In the presence of my people I give it to you. Bury your dead.”

12Avraham bowed to people of the land 13and said to 'Efron in their hearing, “If you will, please hear me. I will give you the full value of the field. Accept my offer, and I will bury my dead there.”

14'Efron answered Avraham, 15“My lord, listen to me. What is a piece of land worth four hundred shekels of silver between me and you? Just bury your dead.”

16Avraham understood 'Efron, and weighed out the amount of silver he had named in the hearing of the sons of Het, four hundred shekels of silver, according to the current merchants’ standard.

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Sheni [2nd]: 23:17-24:9

 17So the field of 'Efron, which was in Makhpelah, which was before Mamre — the field, the cave that was in it, and all the trees that were within the field’s borders — were deeded 18to Avraham as his possession in the presence of the sons of Het, who were the ruling council of the city. 19Then Avraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Makhpelah, by Mamre (also known as Hevron), in the land of Kena'an. 20The field and its cave were deeded by the sons of Het to Avraham as his own possession for a burial site.

A Bride for Yitz'chak

24 1Avraham was old and well-advanced in years, and ADONAI had blessed Avraham in everything. 2Avraham said to the servant who had served his household the longest and who managed everything he owned, “Please put your hand under my thigh. 3I want you to swear by ADONAI, the God of heaven and the God of the earth, that you shall not choose a wife for my son from among the daughters of the Kena'ani, among whom I live. 4But you shall go to my country, and to my relatives, and choose a wife for my son Yitz'chak.”

5The servant answered him, “What if the woman isn’t willing to follow me to this land? Must I take your son back to the land you came from?”

6Avraham said to him, “See to it that you don’t take my son back there. 7ADONAI, the God of heaven, Who took me from my father’s house, and away from the land I was born in, Who spoke to me and swore to me, ‘I will give this land to your descendants.’ He will send his angel before you, and you will find a wife for my son from there. 8If the woman isn’t willing to follow you, then you will be released from this my oath. Just do not take my son back there.”

9The servant put his hand under his master Avraham’s thigh, and swore to him concerning this matter.

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Shlishi [3rd]: 24:10-26  

10The servant took ten of his master’s camels and all kinds of his master’s valuable things with him, and left. He arose, and went to Aram-Naharayim (Mesopotamia), to Nachor’s city. 11Toward evening, when the women go out to draw water, he had the camels kneel down near the well outside the city. 12He said, “ADONAI, God of my master Avraham, please let me succeed today, and be kind to my master Avraham. 13Here I am, standing by the spring of water as the daughters of the townsmen are coming out to draw water. 14Let it happen this way, that when I say to the young lady, ‘Please lower your pitcher so I may drink,’ she will say, ‘Drink, and I will also give your camels a drink,’ — let her be the one you have appointed for your servant Yitz'chak. By this sign I will know that you have shown kindness to my master.”

15Before he had finished speaking, Rivkah came out (she was the daughter of B'tu'el, who was the son of Milkah, the wife of Avraham’s brother Nachor) with her pitcher on her shoulder. 16The young lady was very beautiful, a virgin who had never had sexual relations with a man. She went down to the spring, filled her pitcher, and came back up. 17The servant ran to meet her, and asked, “Please give me a drink, a little water from your pitcher.”

18She said, “Drink, my lord.” She immediately lowered her pitcher onto her arm, and gave him a drink. 19When she had done giving him a drink, she said, “I will also draw water for your camels, until they have drunk their fill.” 20She quickly emptied her pitcher into the trough, and ran again to the well to draw more, and she drew water for all his camels.

21The man silently gazed at her, wondering whether or not ADONAI had made his journey successful. 22When the camels had done drinking, the man took a golden ring weighing half a shekel [one-fifth of an ounce] and two golden bracelets weighing ten shekels [four ounces], 23and asked her, “Whose daughter are you? Please tell me, if there is there room in your father’s house for us to spend the night?”

24She answered him, “I am the daughter of B'tu'el the son Milkah bore to Nachor.” 25She also said, “We have both straw and provisions enough, and room to lodge in.”

26The man bowed his head and worshipped ADONAI.

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R'vi'i [4th]: 24:27-52   

27He said, “Blessed be ADONAI, the God of my master Avraham, who has not forsaken his loving kindness and his truth toward my master. As for me, ADONAI has guided me to the house of my master’s relatives.”

28The young lady ran and told her mother’s household about this conversation. 29Rivkah had a brother named Lavan.

30When he saw the ring and the bracelets on his sister Rivkah’s wrists, and heard her saying, “This is what the man said to me,” Lavan ran out to where the man was standing by the camels at the spring. 31He said, “Come in, you whom ADONAI has blessed. Why are you standing outside? I’ve prepared the house for you, and space for the camels.”

32The man came into the house, and unloaded the camels. He provided straw and fodder for the camels, and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him. 33When food was set before him to eat, he said, “I will not eat until I have told my message.”

Lavan said, “Speak on.”

34He said, “I am Avraham’s servant. 35ADONAI has blessed my master greatly, and he has become great. He has given him flocks and herds, silver and gold, male and female servants, and camels and donkeys. 36Sarah, my master’s wife, bore my master son when she was old, and He has given him everything that he has. 37My master made me swear, saying, ‘You are not to choose a wife for my son from among Kena'ani women, in whose land I live, 38but you are go to my father’s house, to my relatives, and choose a wife for my son.’ 39I asked my master, ‘What if the woman will not follow me?’ 40Avraham answered me, ‘ADONAI, in Whose presence I live, will send His angel with you, and make your journey successful. You are to choose a wife for my son from my relatives in my father’s house. 41When you come to my relatives you will be freed from your obligation to my oath. If they don’t give her to you, you shall still be freed from your obligation to my oath.’ 42Today I arrived at the spring and said, ‘ADONAI, God of my master Avraham, if you are causing me to succeed in this task, 43here I am standing by this spring of water. If it happens that the maiden who comes here to draw water, the one to whom I say, “Please give me a little water from your pitcher to drink,” 44if she tells me, “Drink, and I will also draw water for your camels,” let her be the woman whom ADONAI has selected for my master’s son.’ 45Before I had finished saying these things to myself, Rivkah came out with her pitcher on her shoulder. She went down to the spring, and drew water. I said to her, ‘Please let me drink.’ 46She immediately let her pitcher down from her shoulder and said, ‘Drink, and I will also give your camels a drink.’ So I drank, and she also gave the camels a drink. 47I asked her, and said, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ She said, ‘The daughter of B'tu'el, Nachor’s son, whom Milkah bore to him.’ I put the ring on her nose, and the bracelets on her wrists. 48I bowed my head, and worshipped ADONAI, and blessed ADONAI, God of my master Avraham, Who had led me in the right way to choose my master’s brother’s [grand]daughter for his son. 49Now if you will deal kindly and truly with my master, tell me. If not, tell me, so that I may turn elsewhere.”

50Then Lavan and B'tu'el answered, “This thing comes from ADONAI, so we can’t say anything eithere bad or good. 51Rivkah is right here in front of you; take her and go, and let her be your master’s son’s wife, as ADONAI has said.”

52When Avraham’s servant heard their words, he prostrated himself on the ground before ADONAI.

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Chamishi [5th]: 24:53-67  

53Then the servant brought out jewels of silver and of gold, and clothing, and gave them to Rivkah. He also gave precious gifts to her brother and her mother. 54They ate and drank, he and the men who were with him, and stayed all night. When they got up in the morning, he said, “Send me away to my master.”

55Her brother and her mother said, “Let the young lady stay with us a few days, at least ten. After that she can go.”

56He said to them, “Don’t delay me, since ADONAI made my journey successful, but send me away so I may return to my master.”

57They said, “We will call the young lady, and ask her.” 58They called Rivkah, and asked her, “Will you go with this man?”

She said, “I will go.”

59So they sent their sister Rivkah away, along with her nurse, Avraham’s servant, and his men. 60They blessed Rivkah, saying, “Our sister, may you be the mother of millions, and let your descendants possess the cities of those who hate them.”

61Rivkah and her maidservants mounted their camels, and followed the man. The servant took Rivkah and went on his way.

 62One evening Yitz'chak came up from the road to Be'er-Lachai-Ro'i, where he was living in the land of the South [the Negev],  63and went out to meditate in the field. He looked up and saw camels coming. 64Rivkah also looked up, and when she saw Yitz'chak, she jumped down from the camel 65and said to the servant, “Who is the man walking in the field to meet us?”

When the servant said, “It is my master,”  she took her veil, and covered herself. 66The servant told Yitz'chak everything he had done. 67Then Yitz'chak brought her into his mother Sarah’s tent, and took Rivkah, and she became his wife, and he loved her. So Yitz'chak was comforted after his mother’s death.

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Shishi [6th]: 25:1-11  

Avraham Marries K'turah

25 1Avraham took another wife, whose her name was K'turah. 2She bore him Zimran, Yokshan, Medan, Midyan, Yishbak, and Shuach. 3Yokshan fathered Sh'va and D'dan. The sons of D'dan were Ashurim, L'tushim, and L'umim. 4The sons of Midyan were 'Eifah, 'Efer, Hanokh, Avida, and Elda'ah. All these were descendants of K'turah. 5Avraham gave everything he owned to Yitz'chak. 6but to the sons of his concubines, Avraham gave gifts while he was still living, and sent them off to the east, to the land of Kedem, away from Yitz'chak his son.

Death of Avraham

 7This is how long Avraham lived: one hundred seventy-five years. 8Avraham gave up the spirit, and died at a ripe old age, an old man full of years, and was gathered to his people. 9Yitz'chak and Yishma'el, his sons, buried him in the cave of Makhpelah, in the field of 'Efron, the son of Tzochar the Hitti, near Mamre, 10the field Avraham had purchased from the sons of Het. Avraham was buried there with Sarah, his wife. 11After the death of Avraham God blessed Yitz'chak, his son, and Yitz'chak lived by Be'er-Lachai-Ro'i.

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Shvi'i [7th]: 25:12-15  

Descendants of Yishma'el

12Now this is the genealogy of Avraham’s son Yishma'el, whom Sarah’s handmaid, Hagar the Egyptian, bore to Avraham. 13These are the names of the sons of Yishma'el, in their birth order: The firstborn of Yishma'el was N'vayot; followed by Kedar, Adbe'el, Mivsam, 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Teima, Y'tur, Nafish and Kedmah.

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Maftir [Concluding]: 25:16-18  

16These are the sons of Yishma'el, and these are their names, according to their settlements and camps, twelve tribal rulers. 17This is how long Yishma'el lived: one hundred thirty-seven years. He gave up the spirit and died, and was gathered to his people. 18They lived between Havilah and Shur, near Egypt as you go toward Ashur [Assyria]; he lived near all his relatives.

The Blessing After Torah

Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lech hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher nah-tahn la-noo toe-raht eh-met,
v’cha-yaye oh-lahm nah-tah b’toe-chay-noo.
Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai,  no-tain ha-to-rah.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us a Torah of truth,
and has planted eternal life in our midst.
Blessed are You, O Lord, Giver of the Torah.


Click here to listen to this sung by
Cantor Kenneth B. Cohen of
Temple Sholom, Greenwich, CT

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Haftarah

The Blessing of the Haftarah

Ba-rookh, ah-tah Adonai, eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-sher ba-khar been-vee-eem toe-veem,
v’rah-tzah b’deev­ray-hem,
ha-neh-eh-ma-reem, beh-eh-meht.

Ba-rookh ah-tah, Adonai,
ha-bo-char ba-to-rah,
oo-v’Mo-sheh ahv-doe, oo-v'yees­ra-ale ah-mo,
oo-veen-vee-aye hah-eh-met, vah-tzeh-dek.

Blessed are you, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets,
and was pleased with their words
which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, O Lord,
Who chooses the Torah,
Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and prophets of truth and righteousness.


Click here to listen to this sung by
an unknown male soloist from
Temple Mount Sinai in El Paso, TX.

Y'hoshua (Joshua) 1:1–18 [TO TOP]

God's Charge to Y'hoshua

1After the death of Moshe the servant of ADONAI, ADONAI said to Y'hoshua Ben-Nun, Moshe's assistant, 2Moshe my servant is dead. So now get up and cross over the Yarden, you and all the people, to the land which I am giving to them, the people of Yisra'el. 3I have given you every place that you step on with the sole of your foot, just as I told Moshe. 4Everything from this L'vanon wilderness all the way to the great river, the Euphrates River, all the land of the Hitti, and to the Great Sea (Mediterranian) in the west will be your territory. 5No one will be able to stand against you as long as you live. Just as I was with Moshe, I will be with you the same way; I will never fail nor forsake you. 6Be strong and courageous; for you will cause this people to inherit the land which I swore to give their fathers. 7Only be strong and very courageous, to both observe to follow all the Torah that Moshe my servant commanded you: don't deviate from it either to the right or to the left, so you may succeed wherever you go. 8This book of the Torah shall be always on your lips, and you shall meditate on it day and night, so you may be careful to do everything that is written in it: for then you will be prosperous in all you do, and you will have good success. 9Haven't I commanded you? Be strong and courageous; don't be afraid or discouraged, because ADONAI your God is with you wherever you go.

Y'hoshua Assumes Command

10Then Y'hoshua commanded the officers of the people, 11“Go throughout all the camp and command the people, ‘Prepare your provisions, because within three days you are going to cross over the Yarden to go in and take possession of the land which ADONAI your God has given you as your possession.’” 12To the Re'uveni, the Gadi, and the half-tribe of Menashsheh, Y'hoshua said, 13“Remember what Moshe the servant of ADONAI commanded you: ‘ADONAI your God has given you rest, and will give you this land. 14Your wives, your little ones, and your cattle shall live in the land that Moshe gave you east of the Yarden; but you are to cross over ahead of your brothers as a a mighty armed force, to help them, 15until ADONAI has given your brothers rest, as [he has given] you, and they, too, have taken possession of the land which ADONAI your God has given them. Then you will return to the your own land and take possession of it, the land that Moshe the servant of ADONAI gave you on the east side of the Yarden.” 16They answered Y'hoshua, “We will do all you have commanded, and we will go wherever you send. 17Just as we listened to Moshe in everything, so will we also listen to you. Only may ADONAI your God be with you, as he was with Moshe. 18Whoever rebels against your orders and doesn’t listen to your commands shall be put to death. Just be strong and of courageous!”

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Ketuvei HaShalichim
(Apostolic Writings)

The Blessing of the Ketuvei HaShalichim

Bah-rookh ah-tah Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo
meh-lekh hah-oh­lahm,
ah-shehr nah-tahn la-noo mah-she-ahch Yeshua,
v’ha-deeb­rote shell Ha-breet Ha-kha-da-shah,
ba-rookh ah-ta Adonai,
no­tain Hah-breet Hah-kha-da-shah.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has given us Messiah Yeshua
and the commandments of the New Covenant.
Blessed are You, O Lord,
Giver of the New Covenant.


 

Mattityahu 8:19-22

19A Sofer [Scribe, Torah expert] came, and said to him, “Rabbi, I will follow you wherever you go.”

20 Yeshua said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.”

 21Another of his talmidim said to him, “Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.”

22But Yeshua said to him, “Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead.”

Mattityahu 27:9-10

9Then that which was spoken through Yirmeyahu the prophet was fulfilled:

 “They took the thirty pieces of silver,
    The price on him upon whom a price had been set,
Whom some of the children of Yisra'el priced,
    10
And they gave them for the potter's field, As ADONAI commanded me."

Lukas 9:57-62

57As they went on the way, a certain man said to him, “I want to follow you wherever you go, Lord.”

58Yeshua said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.”

 59He said to another, “Follow me!”

But he said, “Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.”

60But Yeshua said to him, “Leave the dead to bury their own dead, but you go and announce the kingdom of God.”

61Another also said, “I want to follow you, Lord, but first allow me to bid farewell to those who are at my house.”

62But Yeshua said to him, “No one who has once put his hand to the plow then looks back is fit for the kingdom of God.”

The Blessing of the Messiah

Ba-rookh ah-tah Adonai Eh-lo-hay-noo,
meh-lekh hah-oh-lahm,
ah-sher keed-sha-noo beed-va-reh-khah
v'na-tahn la-noo et Yeshuah M'shee-khay-noo,
v'tzee-va-noo l'he-oat oar lah-oh-lahm.
O-mein.

Blessed are You, O Lord our God,
King of the Universe,
Who has sanctified us in Your Word,
and given us Yeshua, our Messiah,
and commanded us to be a light to the world.
Amen.


 

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Page last updated on Wednesday, 03 August 2016 11:20 AM