The Science of Theology
Lesson 6
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Developing a Systematic Messianic Theology
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An Introduction to the
Science of Theology

Lesson 6: A Brief Summary of Biblical Doctrine

In this Lesson:

The Bible

Inspiration
Protected Transmission
Interpretation
Creation
“Dispensations”

God

Yeshua HaMashiach

Ruach HaKodesh

The Infilling
Sign Gifts

Angels

Holy Angels
Fallen Angels

Mankind

Sin

Salvation

Sanctification
Security

The Holy Community

Authority in the Community
Ordinances” of the Community

Tevilah (Immersion)
The “LORD’s Seder

Stewardship in the Community

Future Things

The “Rapture” of the Elect
The Tribulation Period
The Millennial Kingdom
The Final Battle
The Final Judgment
The Eternal State

We are about to embark upon a detailed tour of all the major teachings of the Bible. As with any tour, it’s nice to have some kind of an idea of where we’re going and what we can expect to see when we get there.

This section of our study is like taking a brief preview of our travel plans. We’re planning an extended tour of a beautiful, wonderful, and exiting country called Systematic Theology (or Bible Doctrine).

That country is divided into states called “doctrines.” These states have names like The Doctrine of the Torah (or Bible), The Doctrine of God, The Doctrine of Angels, The Doctrine of Humanity, and The Doctrine of Salvation.

Each of those states is further divided into counties. For example the state called The Doctrine of Angels has two counties: Holy Angels County and Fallen Angels County. The state called The Doctrine of Salvation also has three counties: Atonement County, Sanctification County, and Security County.

Each of those counties is further divided into cities, towns, and villages, and so forth. In each of those cities, towns, and villages there are a lot of fascinating places to visit like museums, art galleries, souvenir shops, parks, and restaurants.

As Messianic Believers, we spend our entire lives living in and traveling around this country called Bible Doctrine. Most of us are pretty familiar with the area of the country where we live and work. But we get so busy we don’t take the time to visit places right in our home town, like the Oil and Gas Museum, or Blennerhassett Island, or North Bend State Park (tourist attractions in my home town). And from time to time we’ll be driving down the Interstate and we’ll look off to our right and see a sleepy little village snuggled back in between the hills. And we’ll say to ourselves, One of these days when we’re not in such a hurry, we ought to pull off the Interstate and drive through that village.

In this preview we won’t take the time to go into detail about all of the things we plan to see in all of the villages we plan to visit, but it should be kind of fun to just take out the map and look at it for a little while.

While we’re only planning our trip, we don’t need to go into a lot of detail. So in this overview of Bible doctrine, we’re not going to take the time to look up all the Scriptures to support these doctrines. But believe me, when we stop to study each doctrine in detail, we will be spending a lot of time in the Scriptures.

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The Bible

The Bible, including both the Tanakh and the Apostolic Writings, is the literal written Word of God, absolutely accurate and without any form of error in relation to any subject with which it deals. The Bible was “breathed out” by God, who directed specially prepared men to write down what they heard from Him.

Inspiration

While allowing the human authors to bring their own unique personalities and experiences with them to the task of writing His word, Ruach HaKodesh (God the Holy Spirit) so directed the effort that those men recorded the exact message that God intended to be recorded, down to the very spelling of every word they recorded.

Protected Transmission

The same Ruach HaKodesh who inspired and directed the writing of the original autographs (the hand-written original documents) has also preserved His word in such a manner that we can be sure that the Bible we have today, only when correctly understood, is of the same inerrancy and authority as the actual parchments that the prophets originally wrote.

Interpretation

The Bible can be properly interpreted only through the enlightenment of Ruach HaKodesh and is to be understood in its literal, natural, historical, grammatical, and intended sense. It is to be accepted as the full and final authority over the Believer’s faith and conduct.

Creation

Since the Bible is without error in any of its parts, the creation account as described in the first two chapters of the book of Genesis is to be accepted as factual, historical, and perspicuous; all things in the universe were spoken into existence from nothing by God in the six days of special creation. [Whether a “creation day” consisted of the same 24 hours that our days currently contain is a matter for debate; I personally believe that it did, but you are welcome to believe what you wish.] That this knowledge is foundational in the understanding of every fact and phenomenon in the created universe.

Dispensations”

In His progressive revelation, God has entrusted man with ever-increasing revelation (and therefore ever-increasing responsibilities to obey that revelation) in successive periods of time. During each of the eras, we see divine testing in which the failure of man is consistently seen. Although these eras span the history of mankind, seven are the subject of extended revelation in Scripture: Innocence, Conscience, Human Government, Promise, Law, Grace, and the coming age of the Kingdom. We use these “era names” as convenient references to the particular time period involved, and proper interpretation of the Sacred Text in its appropriate historical and social context depends upon the understanding of this principle: mankind has had an ever-increasing level of revelation in each of these successive time periods.

Although we will deal more in depth with this subject elsewhere, a brief interjection at this point is important. There are some who reject the idea of “dispensational, or progressive, revelation” because they erroneously believe that it means that “God is capricious and changes his mind.” Nothing could be further from the truth. “God is the same yesterday, today, and forever.” “In him there is no shadow caused from turning.” In fact, anybody who accepts both the Tanakh and the Apostolic Writings as equally valid Scripture is, in fact, admitting to at least two “dispensations” or “revelation eras.”

We who believe are His children and He is our Father; he teaches us progressively as we teach our own children. The scholar who understands and applies the higher functions of mathematics started with addition and subtraction, progressed to multiplication and division, then to algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus. The rules of mathematics do not change as we learn the newer principles. Thus the rules of God have not changed as mankind has learned the newer principles.

As someone as said, “The New is in the Old concealed; the Old is in the New revealed.” The “newer revelation” simply continues God’s progressive revelation and builds upon the foundation laid in the “older revelation.”

And so it is with the various “dispensations” or “revelation eras.” Each builds upon the previous, “line upon line, precept upon precept.” This concept will be fully developed when we approach our in-depth study of the Doctrine of the Torah. [Go here for an extended discussion of this subject.]

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God

There is only one living and true God, an infinite, intelligent, and indivisible Spirit Who is the source of all being and meaning, and Who is absolutely sovereign over all His creation. Though the word “Trinity” appears nowhere in the Bible, the Scriptures clearly teach that the one indivisible God eternally exists as God the Father (Abba), God the Son (haBen Yeshua), and God the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh), one in essence and attributes, yet three in distinct Person, work, and purpose. Each Person of the Godhead is infinite, eternal, unchangeable, indivisible, omnipresent, omnipotent, omniscient, personal, and perfect in wisdom, power, holiness, righteousness, justice, goodness, truth, mercy, and love. These are the very characteristics of Deity and are called “the attributes of God.” These attributes apply equally to all three Persons of the Trinity.

The Father is all the fulness of the Godhead invisible, John 1:18; the Son is all the fulness of the Godhead manifested, John 1:14-18; the Spirit is all the fulness of the Godhead acting immediately upon the creature, 1 Cor. 2:9, 10. [Boardman. Cited by William Evans in The Great Doctrines of the Bible, Chicago: Moody Press, 1912, p. 28.]

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Yeshua HaMashiach

Yeshua HaMashiach is the second Person of the divine Godhead, existing from all eternity, Who always has been and always will be fully God. He is just as much God as though He had never become man, and just as much man as though He had never been God. He created, upholds, and sustains the entire universe solely through the power of His sovereign will. In order to redeem both man and creation, and without either permanent or temporary loss of any of His divine attributes, He became also fully man. He was conceived and born by the virgin Miriam through the power of Ruach HaKodesh, lived a perfect and sinless life in complete and absolute obedience to the Torah. He was crucified, He died, and He was buried in a sealed tomb for three days and three nights. His death was voluntary, vicarious, substitutionary, propitiatory, and totally accomplished the work of providing redemption for both mankind and for all of creation.

He descended into Sheol, the abode of the dead, where He announced His victory over sin and death to both the righteous and the unrighteous dead and to the fallen angels who were then, and who are now, being held in chains. He was literally and bodily resurrected from the dead, He ascended into heaven and now, glorified, He sits at the right hand of God the Father where He carries out His ministry of intercession on our behalf. The Bible clearly teaches His return for His Elect, His literal, bodily return to reign physically on the earth for a thousand years, and His ultimate judgment over the living and the dead.

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Ruach HaKodesh

Ruach HaKodesh, the Holy Spirit, is a divine Person, possessing all of the attributes of Deity and of Personhood. He is therefore fully God, and is therefore coequal with the Father and the Son. With both the Father and the Son, He was the active agent in the creation.

He is the Supernatural Agent in regeneration and sanctification, “baptizing” (immersing) all believers into the Body of Messiah, equally and permanently indwelling every believer, and sealing them unto the day of redemption.

He is the Divine Teacher, Who inspired and superintended the writing of all Scripture, Who illuminates the interpretation of Scripture, and Who guides believers into all truth.

The Infilling

It is the privilege and duty of all the saved to be filled with and controlled by Ruach HaKodesh. Each Believer, at the moment of salvation, is endowed by Ruach HaKodesh with one or more special gifts (abilities) through which he or she is equipped to minister to the Body of Messiah for the edification of the whole Body of Messiah.

Sign Gifts

During the period in which the Apostolic Scriptures were being written and compiled, Ruach HaKodesh used certain “sign gifts” (notably speaking and translating unlearned human languages, speaking forth new revelation, and the working of miracles “on demand”) to confirm the message of the Shliachim (Apostles). Since the completion of the Canon of Scripture and the cessation of all new revelation, those “sign gifts” are no longer necessary or appropriate for common practice within the Holy Community today. However, God is the Sovereign LORD Who still heals, Who still performs miracles, and Who, on occasion, brings His message of redemption to unbelievers through human languages that the speaker has never learned.

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Angels

Angels are created beings, not any form of deity. They were created by God to serve and worship Him, and for that purpose they are organized into different ranks and orders. Though all angels were originally created holy, there was a revolution in heaven and there are now both holy and fallen angels. Fallen angels seek the worship of men in order to take that which belongs only to God. Holy angels do not allow themselves to be worshipped, for only God is worthy of worship.

Holy Angels

Holy angels are “ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation.” They ministered extensively to Yeshua HaMashiach during His earthly life and ministry, and are involved in a general ministry to Believers. Toward unbelievers, angels announce impending judgments, and will be actively involved in the judgments of the Great Tribulation.

Fallen Angels

Originally bearing the title Lucifer (the Light-Bringer), HaSatan (the Adversary) is an angel, a cherub of the highest rank of all angelic creatures. He sinned through the pride of self-will, led a revolutionary war in heaven, and was cast out of heaven along with one-third of the angelic host, who had joined in his revolution. He thereby became the author of sin and the cause of the fall of man. He is the open and declared enemy of both God and man, and with his fallen angels (demons) is in a state of present and open warfare against God and His saints; they will be eternally punished in the Lake of Fire.

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Humanity

Mankind was originally created in the image of God, by God’s own hand and not by any process of evolution or natural selection, and was given the authority and ability to exercise dominion over the created world. Eve was deceived by HaSatan, but Adam willingly chose to disobey God, and because of his disobedience, Adam, all of his descendants, and all of his entire dominion fell under God’s curse. Upon the Fall, sin, sickness, and death entered the world, and the title deed to the earth that originally belonged to Adam was transferred to HaSatan (who is now the god of this world).

Man became alienated from God and inherited a sin nature, and is therefore totally depraved, without the slightest measure of personal merit, possesses no spark of divine life and, of himself, is utterly helpless to remedy his lost condition apart from the grace of God.

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Sin

The word “sin” is an archery term which means “to miss the mark.” Since the target is the perfect example set by Yeshua HaMashiach, that is, the very nature of God Himself, then anything that falls short of that goal misses the mark and is by its broadest definition sin.

Rabbi Yochanan (the Apostle John) writing under the influence of Ruach HaKodesh gives this simple definition of sin:

Everyone who keeps sinning is violating Torah — indeed, sin is violation of Torah. (1John 3:4, CJB)

There are two classifications of sin: original (imputed) sin, that sin nature which every man inherits from his father Adam, and personal sin, the individual choices each man makes to either willfully or ignorantly disobey God and his commandments recorded in the Torah (what Yochanan was talking about).

The penalty for sin is separation from fellowship, which takes one or more of three forms: separation from God (spiritual death); separation from the Body of Messiah through discipline and “excommunication,” and separation from mankind and from the physical body through physical death. The physical illness and death of all earthly creatures is the direct result of Adam’s sin. Additionally, some — though certainly not nearly all — illness and death may also be the result of an individual’s sin.

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Salvation

Salvation is to be declared righteous by God in spite of our sin. It is the free gift of God brought to sinful man by the unconditional grace of God and received solely by faith in the atoning work of Mashiach, Who accomplished complete redemption by His substitutionary death and shedding of His precious blood and His bodily resurrection. Salvation comes by faith alone in the Person and work of Messiah, plus nothing else! Because of his total depravity, man does not possess even the weakest spark of saving faith, and so it also is provided as the gift of God. Man therefore is not in any way a participant in his salvation, only the recipient of the unmerited grace of God.

This simple definition of salvation creates a number of difficult issues which will be discussed in detail when we study the doctrine of salvation in detail, including:

• How were people declared righteous before Yeshua’s atoning sacrifice?

• If salvation is a free gift, does it impart any responsibility upon the recipient?

• Is it possible for God to declare someone righteous who has never heard of Yeshua HaMashiach?

Here are a couple of Scriptures to get you thinking:

“Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness,” and he was called the friend of God.” ( Rom. 4:3, Gal. 3:6, Jas. 2:23; Gen. 15:6)

… whoever calls on the name of ADONAI (hwhy YHWH) will be saved …(Joel 2:32; Rom. 10:13; Acts 2:21)

Hint: Yeshua HaMashach is not mentioned in any of these seven references.

Sanctification

The word “sanctify” means to set apart for a specific purpose. I have a skillet that I have sanctified for the sole function of cooking eggs. Directly associated with salvation, sanctification is a setting apart of redeemed person unto God for His purpose. Sanctification consists of three steps or stages in the Believer’s life: positional sanctification, progressive sanctification, and ultimate sanctification.

Every Believer, by virtue of his or her position “in Messiah” and thus partaking of all that He is, has a complete standing before God (positional sanctification). Yet every Believer, because he/she retains a sin nature which cannot be changed nor eradicated in this life, lives in a present state that is imperfect to the extent that he/she fails to fully appropriate the power of Ruach HaKodesh by which to live a holy life in directed obedience to God’s Torah, and is therefore in need of a progressive sanctification by growing in grace unto spiritual maturity. Every Believer will be fully and completely sanctified (ultimate sanctification) when we shall see the LORD and shall be like Him.

Security

Because of the eternal promise of God, because of the nature of the Word and promise of God, because of the immutability of the unchangeable covenants of God, and because salvation and sanctification are all the work of God and none of the work of man, every redeemed, blood-bought, regenerate, and sanctified child of God has entered into a relational covenant with God, is permanently indwelt by Ruach HaKodesh, and is constantly interceded for by Messiah as His role as our Great Kohen HaGadol (High Priest). He or she is therefore absolutely secure in Messiah forever.

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The Holy Community

The true and universal Holy Community, the Miqra in Hebrew or Ecclesia in Greek, is the Body and Bride of Messiah. It is a spiritual organism, of which Messiah is the Head, made up of all born-again (redeemed, justified, made righteous) Believers of all ages, Jew and non-Jew alike. The establishment and continuity of local congregations is clearly taught and defined in the Apostolic Scriptures, in that the members of the one spiritual Body are directed to associate themselves together in local assemblies. As local manifestations of the true and universal Body of Messiah, local assemblies should willingly cooperate with each other for the presentation and propagation of the true faith.

Authority in the Holy Community

The one supreme authority for the Holy Community is ADONAI Yeshua HaMashiach, and the order, discipline, and worship of the local assembly are appointed through His sovereignty. The Biblically-designated shepherds who serve directly under Messiah and immediately over the assembly are called Elders (also called Bishops, Overseers, or Pastors).

The local congregation is to be composed solely of true Believers, autonomous and free from any external authority or control, with the right of self-government and freedom from the interference of any hierarchy of individuals or organizations. Each local congregation, through its multiple Elders [Beit Din] and their interpretation and application of the Scriptures, is the sole judge of the measure and method of its cooperation as well as on all matters of membership, policy, discipline, benevolence, government, and halakhah [remembering that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation without the illumination of Ruach HaKodesh (2Peter 1:20)].

Although every member of the Body of Messiah is called to be a servant (shammash, diakonevw, diakoneo), there are to be men specifically appointed to the office of Shammash (Deacon) within each local assembly to look after the physical needs of the members of that assembly. This enables the Elders to concentrate on their primary responsibility of prayer and ministry of the Word (Acts 6:4). Although the Scriptures ascribe no spiritual authority to these Deacons, it is clear that they are to be spiritual examples and assist the Elders in the ministry to the Body. Both Elders and Deacons must meet rigid spiritual qualifications, and God will hold them strictly accountable for their actions within the assembly.

“Ordinances”

The dictionary definition of an ordinance is “an authoritative order, a decree, or a piece of legislation enacted by a municipal authority.” The “authorities” of the Roman Catholic Church has decreed seven “sacraments”: baptism, eucharist, reconciliation (penance); confirmation; marriage; holy orders, anointing of the sick (Last Rites or Extreme Unction). Of these seven “sacraments” the “Protestant Church” recognizes the authority of the Pope in regard to two, which it calls “ordinances: baptism (by immersion, pouring, or sprinkling, depending on the denomination) and the eucharist (communion or the so-called “LORD’s Supper”).

Since the position of the majority of the congregations in the Messianic Restoration Movement is that there is no ecclesiastical authority to declare “ordinances” outside of that congregation’s own Beit Din, it would be inaccurate to say that Messianic congregations recognize any “ordinances.” There are, however, two practices that are common to all Messianic congregations that I am aware of: tevilah (self-immersion) and the “LORD’s Seder”

Tevilah

Because it was the practice of the Schliachim (Apostles) to witness (not perform) the tevilah (self-immersion, also called mikvah from the body of water in which the tevilah is to be performed) of all new Believers upon their profession of faith in Yeshua HaMashiach, it is appropriate for all new Believers to immerse themselves in water as a public testimony of their faith. The act of immersion is in no way a condition of salvation, nor any part of the salvation process, but rather an outward demonstration of the inner change which has already taken place in the life and heart of the believer, and a symbol of identification with the Body of Messiah. Because of its similarty in form to a burial and resurrection, it indicates a death to a former way of life and a rebirth to a new way of life. [Click here for a complete study of this practice.]

The “LORD’s Seder”

What the Church refers to as “Communion” or the “LORD’s Supper” (or eucharist) is rightfully a part of the Passover Seder, a brief acted-out memorial “sermon” in which the Body of Messiah shares in His “body and blood.” It looks back on His life and death, and looks forward to His soon return. The Scriptures teach that during the Seder on the night He was betrayed, Yeshua took the “Bread of Affliction” (Deut 16:3) and the “Cup of Redemption” from the Passover Seder and used them to demonstrate the sacrifice of Himself that He was about to make. He then told His Talmidim (Disciples) that as often as they partook of the Passover Seder in the future, they were do so in His memory. (This bread, the Bread of Affliction, and this cup, the Cup of Redemption, are only consumed as part of the Passover Seder.)

For what I received from the Lord is just what I passed on to you — that the Lord Yeshua, on the night He was betrayed, took bread; and after He had made the b'rakhah He broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you. Do this as a memorial to me”; likewise also the cup after the meal, saying, “This cup is the New Covenant effected by my blood; do this, as often as you drink it, as a memorial to me." For as often as you eat this bread [the Bread of Affliction] and drink the cup [the cup of Redemption], you proclaim the death of the Lord, until he comes. (1Cor 11:23-26 CJB)

Therefore when you meet together , it is not to eat the Lord’s Supper, ... (1Cor 11:20 NAS)

Stewardship

The rule for giving the Holy Community is that the needy be provided for, that the work of the ministry be adequately supported, and that the Elders derive their livelihood from the ministry of the Word. Giving for the Believer is therefore to be done:

(1) regularly each week;

(2) into a private fund (“put aside”) at home from which fund he makes distributions; and

(3) in proportion to God’s prospering, for which Torah commands a minimum of a tithe (tenth portion).

Every Believer should be a faithful steward of all his or her resources (time, talent, and finances) for the furtherance of the Gospel at home and abroad.

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Future Things

The “Rapture” of the Called-out Ones

The Scriptures teach that sometime prior to the pouring out of the final wrath of God and the destruction and re-creation of this world, all who have died “in Messiah” will be resurrected and reunited with their bodies, which will be a glorified form of their original bodies. ADONAI Yeshua HaMashiach will return “in the clouds” and in an instant all living and resurrected Believers will be changed to their glorified condition and will rise up to meet the Lord in the air. With the Lord they will return to “Heaven” (Paradise, or Gan Eden in Hebrew) where Messiah will bestow His rewards upon all faithful Believers for their service while in the world.

The Tribulation

Prior to the establishment of the Kingdom, the earth will experience the fulfillment of “Daniel's seventieth week,” a period of seven years which will include the reign of the Anti-Messiah and of his wrath being “poured out” upon the earth, followed by a time of God’s righteous judgment upon the whole unbelieving earth.

At the beginning of the “Tribulation Period,” there will arise a world leader who will either enter into or confirm a treaty with Israel which will guarantee them peace and safety, at least within the city of Jerusalem, the Temple will be re-built and Temple worship with the complete sacrificial system will be re-established. During this period there will be 12,000 “missionaries” from each of Israel’s families or “tribes” — a total of 144,000 — who come preaching the return of Messiah and the establishment of the Kingdom. They will be “sealed” by Yeshua HaMashiach so that no harm may come to them for three and one-half years.

At about that same time there will also be two powerful prophets ministering in Israel. Some teach that these two prophets will be Moses and Elijah, others that they will be Enoch and Elijah. But this is a matter of speculation, because they are not specifically named in the Scriptures. They will prophesy for three and one-half years, at the end of which they will be killed and left to lie in the streets of Jerusalem for three and a half days. They will then be resurrected and taken up into heaven in plain view of the entire world.

After that, the world leader will break his treaty with Israel. He will enter the Temple and demand that he be worshipped as a god. He will consolidate all the governments of the earth under his power, and will appoint a religious leader over all the religions of the world, which will then worship this new emperor. This marks the beginning of the last half of the Tribulation period known as the “Great Tribulation,” during which there will be unimaginable world-wide financial collapse, wars, plagues, famines, and natural disasters, resulting in the death of most of life on earth.

The Kingdom

The period of Great Tribulation on the earth will be climaxed by the return of ADONAI Yeshua HaMashiach to the earth just as He went, in Person and in the body in which He was crucified, now glorified, coming on the clouds of heaven, and with power and great glory to introduce the Millennial Kingdom Age, to bind HaSatan and place him in the abyss, to lift the curse which now rests on the whole creation, to fully restore Israel to all her own land (from the Nile River to the Euphrates River) and to give her the full realization of God’s covenant promises, to bring the whole world to the knowledge of God, and to personally reign over the whole earth for a thousand years.

The Final Battle

Following the release of HaSatan at the end of the Millennium, he will again deceive the nations of the earth and gather them to battle against the saints and against Jerusalem, where they will be destroyed by fire from heaven.

The Final Judgment

HaSatan will then be cast into the Lake of Fire, where the Beast and the False Prophet live in eternal torment. All of the remaining dead will then be resurrected to stand before the Great White Throne, where the books of their lives will be opened and they will be judged according to their deeds (according to the standards of Torah). But regardless of their deeds, “since not one was found ever having been written in the Book of Life, he was cast into the lake of fire” (Revelation 20:15, literal), where they will experience eternal conscious torment.

The Eternal State

The elements of the earth will then be dissolved with a great rushing sound and God will create a completely new heaven and earth. The “New Jerusalem” will come down out of heaven and will be the eternal dwelling place for all (and only) those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life, where they will enjoy eternal fellowship with God and with one another. Having fulfilled His redemptive mission, ADONAI Yeshua HaMashiach will then deliver up the kingdom to God the Father.

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Unless otherwise indicated, Scripture quotations are from the Complete Jewish Bible. Copyright 1998 by David H. Stern. Published by Jewish New Testament Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. Used by permission. (The Complete Jewish Bible Online)

Passages marked “NAS” are from the New American Standard Bible. Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, California.  All rights reserved. (New American Standard Version - Holy Bible)

Page last updated on Sunday, 28 August 2016 08:06 PM
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