The 613 Mitzvot

h¹b
If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!
Developing a Systematic Messianic Theology
This day in Jewish History ABOUT THIS WEB SITE - THINGS YOU SHOULD PROBABLY KNOW
You will need to download and install the free Greek &
Hebrew fonts
to properly view and print from this site.
Search our Site
Bookmark and Share

This page is under construction
A List of the 613 Mitzvot (Commandments)
With references and commentary

List adapted from http://www.jewfaq.org/613.htm
Copyright ©5757-5767 (1996-2007), Tracey R Rich

Intent of This Page

Obedience to Torah out of any sense of obligation is legalism. Legalism isn’t what we do, it’s why we do what we do. My intent in providing this list of mitzvot is not to provide the Believer with a list of things to do and not to do. If you are a Believer in Israel’s Messiah, you are living under the New Covenant, and Ruach HaKodesh has already written His mitzvot on your heart, and you don’t need a list — you already know in your heart what is written in this list.

This list is primarily for those who are in “the Church” and are not living under the New Covenant, who have been told that the Torah has been abolished or that it is far too difficult to be of any practical use. [The New Covenant, by the way, is not for “the Church; God made the New Covenant only with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah (Jer. 31:31). If you want to be a partaker in the New Covenant, you must be a citizen of the Commonwealth of Israel.]

If you are in the Church, you have probably been taught that Torah was God’s Law for Israel and those in the Church have been “set free” from it. While it is true that the Torah was the “Constitution” for ancient Israel (and will be the Constitution for the whole world when Messiah reigns from Jerusalem), and that it does contain some law, Torah is better understood as “Divine Instruction.” It is a handbook of policies and procedures for the benefit and welfare of those whom God loves. It is the Manufacturer’s Manual for humanity.

Years ago, a very wise rabbi explained “walking Torah” something like this:

Walking Torah is like walking along a path in a beautiful forest. As you walk, you notice stones in the path. Some are laying on top of the ground; some are partially buried in the earth; some are buried so deep that it takes effort to dig them out. As you walk, you see a stone that attracts you to its beauty, so you reach down and pick it up. You examine it and put it in your pocket to take with you. Some become too heavy or cumbersome. Those you set back down on the path. But some you will carry with you forever. Each mitzvah (commandment) is like one of those those stones. If you see one that is attractive to you, pick it up and try it. If it becomes cumbersome, set it down.

It is also extremely important to understand that not all mitzvot apply to everyone. About half the mitzvot apply only within Eretz Yisrael (the Land of Israel) under a theocratic government with the Temple and Levitical Priesthood in operation. Many mitzvot apply only to the Temple and the Priesthood, and therefore depend on the presence of a Temple and an active Levitical Priesthood. Some apply only to men; some only to women. Some apply only to farmers; some only to herdsmen; some only to merchants. Some apply only to masters (employers); some only to servants (employees). Some apply to all people everywhere. We are obliged to observe only those mitzvot which actually apply to us.

I encourage you to go through this list and identify those mitzvot that actually apply to you. Of those few, try to determine which of them you feel that God would not want you to observe. If you truly feel they are too difficult or inappropriate for you, then by all means do not attempt to observe them. Set them down.

My prayer for you is that as you walk ever closer to HaShem, you would fall so madly in love with Him that you would seek every possible opportunity to find mitzvot that you get to observe in His honor.

Also please note that I believe that everyone should obey what the Torah actually says, not necessarily Rambam’s interpretation of what the Torah says. The two are not always the same. 




There is only one “standard of righteousness” by which all mankind will be judged, and that is the Torah of God as recorded in the entire body of Scripture (Torah, Nevi'im, K'tuvim, and Apostolic Writings). Therefore, the entire body of mitzvot (commandments) contained in the Torah (the Books of Moses) is binding upon all who claim a covenant relationship with the God of Avraham, Yitzhak, and Ya'akov.

From him who has been given much, much will be demanded; from someone to whom people entrust much, they ask still more. (Luke 12:48)

But someone will say that you have faith and I have actions. Show me this faith of yours without the actions, and I will show you my faith by my actions! (James 2:18) [“actions” = mitzvot = obedience to the commandments of Torah]

So whoever disobeys the least of these mitzvot and teaches others to do so will be called the least in the Kingdom of Heaven. But whoever obeys them and so teaches will be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven. (Matthew 5:19)

To those of you who claim that Torah applies only to the sons of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Ya'akov, I would say that you not understand the book of Exodus. The Torah says that a great multitude of Egyptians — “an ethnically diverse crowd” (Exodus 12:38, HCSB) — accompanied the Israelites when they left Egypt. Targum Yonatan says that 2,400,000 Egyptians went out with the Children of Israel. This same “ethnically diverse crowd” of Gentiles accepted the Torah at Sinai along with the children of Israel!

Moshe came, summoned the leaders of the people and presented them with all these words which ADONAI  had ordered him to say. All the people (including the “ethnically diverse crowd”) answered as one, “Everything ADONAI has said, we will do.” (Exodus 19:7-8, Exodus 24:3, Exodus 24:7)

Thus we can see that the “ethnically diverse crowd” was an integral part of the Commonwealth of Israel, and was expected to participate in the whole Torah. 

Yeshua HaMashiach is God Who walked in Eden in the cool of the evening with our first parents, Who appeared in bodily form to the Patriarchs at various times and places, and Who verbally delivered the Torah to Moshe and literally inscribed the Decalogue (Ten Commandments) with His own finger in the tablets of stone that Moshe brought down off the mountain. When He said, “If you love Me you will keep My mitzvot” (John 14:15), He was referring to the Torah He that gave to Moshe. Yeshua faithfully kept all the commandments that applied to Him, and if we love Him, we will want to walk as He walked. (See also “Why Should I Obey Torah?”)

“If you love me, you will keep my commands.” (John 14:15)

“If you keep my commands, you will stay in my love, just as I have kept my Father's commands and stay in his love. ” (John 15:10 NAS)


Below is a list of the 613 mitzvot (commandments), based primarily on the list compiled by in the Mishneh Torah, but other sources have been consulted as well. Rambam’s list is probably the most widely accepted list, but it is not the only one. For each mitzvah, a citation is given to the biblical passage or passages from which it is derived, based primarily on Rambam.

  • AC = Affirmative Commandments (things to do)
  • NC = Negative Commandments (things to not do)
  • IC = Israel Commandments (only apply in Israel)
  • Commandments that cannot be observed today primarily relate to:
    • the Temple, its sacrifices and services (because the Temple does not exist) and
    • criminal procedures (because the theocratic state of Israel does not exist)

 

Index of Topics
God
Torah
Signs and Symbols
Prayer and Blessings
Love and Brotherhood
The Poor and Unfortunate
Treatment of Gentiles
Marriage, Divorce and Family
Forbidden Sexual Relations
Times and Seasons
Dietary Laws
Business Practices
Employees, Servants and Slaves
Vows, Oaths and Swearing
Courts and Judicial Procedure
Injuries and Damages
Property and Property Rights
Criminal Laws
Punishment and Restitution
Prophecy
Idolatry and Idolaters
Agriculture and Animal Husbandry
Clothing
The Firstborn
Kohanim and Levi'im
T’rumah, Tithes, and Taxes
The Temple, the Sanctuary, Sacred Objects
Sacrifices and Offerings
Ritual Purity and Impurity
Lepers and Leprosy
The King
Nazarites
Wars

God

  1. To know that God exists (Ex. 20:2; Deut. 5:6) (AC-1).
2I am ADONAI your God, Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the abode of slavery.
6I am ADONAI your God, Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, where you lived as slaves.

  2. Not to entertain the idea that there is any god but the Eternal (Ex. 20:3) (NC-8).
3You are to have no other gods before me.

  3. Not to blaspheme (Ex. 22:28), the penalty for which is death (Lev. 24:16).
28You are not to curse God, and you are not to curse a leader of your people.
15Whoever curses his God will bear the consequences of his sin; 16 and whoever blasphemes the name of ADONAI must be put to death; the entire community must stone him. The foreigner as well as the citizen is to be put to death if he blasphemes the Name (HaShem).

  4. To hallow God’s name (Lev. 22:32) (AC-5).
32You are not to profane My holy name; on the contrary, I am to be regarded as holy among the people of Isra'el

  5. Not to profane God’s name (Lev. 22:32) (NC-155).
32You are not to profane My holy name; on the contrary, I am to be regarded as holy among the people of Isra'el

  6. To know that God is One, a complete Unity (Deut. 6:4) (AC-2).
4Sh'ma, Yisra'el! ADONAI Eloheinu, ADONAI echad [Hear, Isra'el! ADONAI our God, ADONAI is one]!
(The word “one” is dxa echad, a compound unity; a single, unique unity would be dyxy yachid.

  7. To love God (Deut. 6:5) (AC-3).
5and you are to love ADONAI your God with all your heart, all your being and all your resources.

  8. To fear Him reverently (Deut. 6:13; 10:20) (AC-4).
13You are to fear ADONAI your God, serve Him and swear by His name.
20You are to fear ADONAI your God, serve Him, cling to Him and swear by His name.

  9. Not to put the word of God to the test (Deut. 6:16) (NC).
16Do not put ADONAI your God to the test, as you tested Him at Massah [testing].

 10. To imitate His good and upright ways (Deut. 28:9) (AC-6).
9ADONAI will establish you as a people separated out for Himself, as He has sworn to you, if you will observe the mitzvot of ADONAI your God and follow His ways.

Back to Index


Torah

 11. To honor the old and the wise (Lev. 19:32) (AC-17).
32Stand up in the presence of a person with gray hair, show respect for the old; you are to fear your God; I am ADONAI.

 12. To learn Torah and to teach it (Deut. 6:6-7) (AC-14).
6These words, which I am ordering you today, are to be on your heart; 7and you are to teach them carefully to your children. You are to talk about them when you sit at home, when you are traveling on the road, when you lie down and when you get up.

 13. To cleave (cling) to those who know Him (Deut. 10:20) (AC-16).
20You are to fear ADONAI your God, serve Him, cling to Him and swear by His name.
(The Talmud says that cleaving to scholars is equivalent to cleaving to Him).

 14. Not to add to the commandments of the Torah, whether in the Written Law or in its interpretation received by tradition (Deut. 12:32) (NC-159).
32Everything I am commanding you, you are to take care to do. Do not add to it or subtract from it.
(I believe that the Oral Tradition is only an interpretation, is no more inspired than my comments on this page, and should be considered the same as any other commentary. My personal understanding is that those who hold the Oral Tradition as authoritative as Torah are actually violating Torah. The Oral Tradition is, however, extremely valuable for understanding how the sages thought and how they arrived at their interpretation of Torah.)

 15. Not to take away from the commandments of the Torah (Deut. 12:32) (NC-160).
32Everything I am commanding you, you are to take care to do. Do not add to it or subtract from it.

 16. That every person shall write a scroll of the Torah for himself (Deut. 31:19) (AC-15).
19Therefore, write this song for yourselves, and teach it to the people of Isra'el. Have them learn it by heart, so that this song can be a witness for Me against the people of Isra'el.

Back to Index


Signs and Symbols

 17. To circumcise the male offspring (Gen. 17:12; Lev. 12:3) (AC-47)
12Generation after generation, every male among you who is eight days old is to be circumcised, including slaves born within your household and those bought from a foreigner not descended from you.
3On the eighth day, the baby's foreskin is to be circumcised.

 18. To put tzitzit on the corners of clothing (Num. 15:38) (AC-10).
38Speak to the people of Isra'el, instructing them to make, through all their generations, tzitziyot [fringes] on the corners of their garments, and to put with the tzitzit on each corner a blue thread.

 19. To bind tefillin on the head (Deut. 6:8) (AC-9).
8 Tie them [these words, which I am ordering you today] on your hand as a sign, put them at the front of a headband around your forehead…

 20. To bind tefillin on the arm (Deut. 6:8) (AC-8).
8 Tie them [these words, which I am ordering you today] on your hand as a sign, put them at the front of a headband around your forehead…

 21. To affix the mezuzah to the doorposts and gates of your house (Deut. 6:9) (AC-12).
9… and write them on the door-frames of your house and on your gates.

Back to Index


Prayer and Blessings

 22. To pray to God (Ex. 23:25; Deut. 6:13) (AC-7).
25You are to serve ADONAI your God; and He will bless your food and water. I will take sickness away from among you.
13You are to fear ADONAI your God, serve Him and swear by His name.
(According to the Talmud, the word “serve” in these verses refers to prayer.)

 23. To read the Shema (Deut. 6:4) in the morning and at night (Deut. 6:7) (AC-11).
7… and you are to teach them carefully to your children. You are to talk about them when you sit at home, when you are traveling on the road, when you lie down and when you get up.

 24. To recite grace after meals (Deut. 8:10) (AC-13).
10So you will eat and be satisfied, and you will bless ADONAI your God for the good land he has given you.

 25. Not to lay down a stone for worship (Lev. 26:1) (NC-161).
1You are not to make yourselves any idols, erect a carved statue or a standing-stone, or place any carved stone anywhere in your land in order to bow down to it. I am ADONAI your God.

Back to Index


Love and Brotherhood

 26. To love all human beings who are of the covenant (Lev. 19:18) (AC-60).
18Don't take vengeance on or bear a grudge against any of your people; rather, love your neighbor as yourself; I am ADONAI.

 27. Not to stand by idly when a human life is in danger (Lev. 19:16) (NC-82).
16… but also don't stand idly by when your neighbor's life is at stake; I am ADONAI.

 28. Not to wrong anyone in speech (Lev. 25:17) (NC-48).
17Thus you are not to take advantage of each other, but you are to fear your God; for I am ADONAI your God.

 29. Not to carry tales (Lev. 19:16) (NC-77).
16Do not go around spreading slander among your people …

 30. Not to cherish hatred in one’s heart (Lev. 19:17) (NC-78).
17Do not hate your brother in your heart, but rebuke your neighbor frankly, so that you won't carry sin because of him.

 31. Not to take revenge (Lev. 19:18) (NC-80).
18Don't take vengeance on or bear a grudge against any of your people; rather, love your neighbor as yourself; I am ADONAI.

 32. Not to bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18) (NC-81).
18Don't take vengeance on or bear a grudge against any of your people; rather, love your neighbor as yourself; I am ADONAI.

 33. Not to put any Jew to shame (Lev. 19:17) (NC-79).
17Do not hate your brother in your heart, but rebuke your neighbor frankly, so that you won't carry sin because of him.

 34. Not to curse any other Israelite (Lev. 19:14) (by implication: if you may not curse those who cannot hear, you certainly may not curse those who can) (NC-45).
14Do not speak a curse against a deaf person or place an obstacle in the way of a blind person; rather, fear your God; I am ADONAI.

  35. Not to give occasion to the simple-minded to stumble on the road (Lev. 19:14) (this includes doing anything that will cause another to sin) (NC-76).
14Do not speak a curse against a deaf person or place an obstacle in the way of a blind person; rather, fear your God; I am ADONAI.

 36. To rebuke the sinner (Lev. 19:17) (AC-72).
17Do not hate your brother in your heart, but rebuke your neighbor frankly, so that you won't carry sin because of him.

 37. To relieve a neighbor of his burden and help to unload his beast (Ex. 23:5) (AC-70).
5If you see the donkey which belongs to someone who hates you lying down helpless under its load, you are not to pass him by but to go and help him free it.

 38. To assist in replacing the load upon a neighbor’s beast (Deut. 22:4) (AC-71).
4If you see your brother's donkey or ox collapsed on the road, you may not behave as if you hadn't seen it; you must help him get them up on their feet again.

 39. Not to leave a beast, that has fallen down beneath its burden, unaided (Deut. 22:4) (NC-183).
4If you see your brother's donkey or ox collapsed on the road, you may not behave as if you hadn't seen it; you must help him get them up on their feet again.

Back to Index


The Poor and Unfortunate

 40. Not to afflict an orphan or a widow (Ex. 22:22) (NC-51).
22You are not to abuse any widow or orphan.

 41. Not to reap the entire field (Lev. 19:9; Lev. 23:22) (NC) (IC-6).
9When you harvest the ripe crops produced in your land, don't harvest all the way to corners of your field, and don't gather the ears of grain left by the harvesters.
22When you harvest the ripe crops produced in your land, don't harvest all the way to the corners of your field, and don't gather the ears of grain left by the harvesters; leave them for the poor and the foreigner; I am ADONAI your God.

 42. To leave the unreaped corner of the field or orchard for the poor (Lev. 19:9) (AC) (IC-1).
9When you harvest the ripe crops produced in your land, don't harvest all the way to corners of your field, and don't gather the ears of grain left by the harvesters.

 43. Not to gather gleanings (the ears that have fallen to the ground while reaping) (Lev. 19:9) (NC) (IC-7).
9When you harvest the ripe crops produced in your land, don't harvest all the way to corners of your field, and don't gather the ears of grain left by the harvesters.

 44. To leave the gleanings for the poor (Lev. 19:9) (AC) (IC-2).
9When you harvest the ripe crops produced in your land, don't harvest all the way to corners of your field, and don't gather the ears of grain left by the harvesters.

 45. Not to gather ol’loth (the imperfect clusters) of the vineyard (Lev. 19:10) (NC) (IC-8).
10Likewise, don't gather the grapes left on the vine or fallen on the ground after harvest; leave them for the poor and the foreigner; I am ADONAI your God.

 46. To leave ol’loth (the imperfect clusters) of the vineyard for the poor (Lev. 19:10; Deut. 24:21) (AC) (IC-3).
10Likewise, don't gather the grapes left on the vine or fallen on the ground after harvest; leave them for the poor and the foreigner; I am ADONAI your God.
21When you gather the grapes from your vineyard, you are not to return and pick grapes a second time; what is left will be for the foreigner, the orphan and the widow.

 47. Not to gather the peret (grapes) that have fallen to the ground (Lev. 19:10) (NC) (IC-9).
10Likewise, don't gather the grapes left on the vine or fallen on the ground after harvest; leave them for the poor and the foreigner; I am ADONAI your God.

 48. To leave peret (the single grapes) of the vineyard for the poor (Lev. 19:10) (AC) (IC-4).
10Likewise, don't gather the grapes left on the vine or fallen on the ground after harvest; leave them for the poor and the foreigner; I am ADONAI your God.

 49. Not to return to take a forgotten sheaf (Deut. 24:19)
This applies to all fruit trees (Deut. 24:20) (NC) (CC10).
19When harvesting the grain in your field, if you forgot a sheaf of grain there, you are not to go back and get it; it will remain there for the foreigner, the orphan and the widow, so that ADONAI  your God will bless you in all the work you do.

 50. To leave the forgotten sheaves for the poor (Deut. 24:19-20) (AC) (IC-5).
19When harvesting the grain in your field, if you forgot a sheaf of grain there, you are not to go back and get it; it will remain there for the foreigner, the orphan and the widow, so that ADONAI  your God will bless you in all the work you do.

 51. Not to refrain from maintaining a poor man and giving him what he needs (Deut. 15:7) (NC-62).
7If someone among you is needy, one of your brothers, in any of your towns in your land which ADONAI your God is giving you, you are not to harden your heart or shut your hand from giving to your needy brother.

 52. To give charity according to one’s means (Deut. 15:11) (AC-38).
11for there will always be poor people in the land. That is why I am giving you this order, “You must open your hand to your poor and needy brother in your land.”

Back to Index


Treatment of Gentiles

 53. To love the stranger (Deut. 10:19) (AC-61).
19Therefore you are to love the foreigner, since you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

 54. Not to wrong the stranger in speech (Ex. 22:21) (NC-49).
21You must neither wrong nor oppress a foreigner living among you, for you yourselves were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

 55. Not to wrong the stranger in buying or selling (Ex. 22:21) (NC-50).
21You must neither wrong nor oppress a foreigner living among you, for you yourselves were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

 56. Not to intermarry with gentiles (Deut. 7:3) (NC-19).
3Don't intermarry with them — don't give your daughter to his son, and don't take his daughter for your son.

 57. To exact the debt of an alien (Deut. 15:3) (AC).
1At the end of every seven years you are to have a sh'mittah [cancelation of debts]. 2Here is how the sh'mittah is to be done: every creditor is to give up what he has loaned to his fellow member of the community — he is not to force his neighbor or relative to repay it, because ADONAI's time of remission has been proclaimed. 3You may demand that a foreigner repay his debt, but you are to release your claim on whatever your brother owes you.

 58. To lend to an alien at interest (Deut. 23:20)
According to tradition (bot not Scripture), this is mandatory (AC).
20To an outsider you may lend at interest, but to your brother you are not to lend at interest, so that ADONAI your God will prosper you in everything you set out to do in the land you are entering in order to take possession of it.

Back to Index


Marriage, Divorce and Family

 59. To honor father and mother (Ex. 20:12) (AC-41).
12Honor your father and mother, so that you may live long in the land which ADONAI your God is giving you.

 60. Not to smite a father or a mother (Ex. 21:15) (NC-44).
15Whoever attacks his father or mother must be put to death.

 61. Not to curse a father or mother (Ex. 21:17) (NC-46).
17Whoever curses his father or mother must be put to death.

 62. To reverently fear father and mother (Lev. 19:3) (AC-42).
3Every one of you is to revere his father and mother …

 63. To be fruitful and multiply (Gen. 1:28) (AC-43).
28God blessed them: God said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea, the birds in the air and every living creature that crawls on the earth.”

 64. That a eunuch shall not marry a daughter of Israel (Deut. 23:1) (NC-136).
1A man with crushed or damaged private parts may not enter the assembly of ADONAI.

 65. That a mamzer [an illegitimate child, a child of incest, or a child of a mixed marriage] shall not marry the daughter of a Jew (Deut. 23:2) (NC-137).
2A mamzer may not enter the assembly of ADONAI, nor may his descendants down to the tenth generation enter the assembly of ADONAI.

 66. That an Ammonite or Moabite shall never marry the daughter of an Israelite (Deut. 23:3) (NC).
3No 'Amoni (Ammonite) or Mo'avi (Moabite) may enter the assembly of ADONAI, nor may any of his descendants down to the tenth generation ever enter the assembly of ADONAI.

 67. Not to exclude a descendant of Esau [Edomite] from the community of Israel for three generations (Deut. 23:7-8) (NC).
7But you are not to detest an Edomi [Edomite], because he is your brother; and you are not to detest an Egyptian, because you lived as a foreigner in his land. 8The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of ADONAI.

 68. Not to exclude an Egyptian from the community of Israel for three generations (Deut. 23:8-9) (NC).
7But you are not to detest an Edomi [Edomite], because he is your brother; and you are not to detest an Egyptian, because you lived as a foreigner in his land. 8The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of ADONAI.

 69. That there shall be no harlot (in Israel); that is, that there shall be no intercourse with a woman, without previous marriage with a deed of marriage and formal declaration of marriage (Deut. 23:18) (NC-133).
18Nothing earned through heterosexual or homosexual prostitution is to be brought into the house of ADONAI your God in fulfillment of any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to ADONAI your God.

 70. To take a wife by kiddushin, the sacrament of marriage (Deut. 24:1) (AC-44).
1Suppose a man marries a woman and consummates the marriage but later finds her displeasing, because he has found her offensive in some respect. He writes her a divorce document, gives it to her and sends her away from his house.

 71. That the newly married husband shall (be free) for one year to rejoice with his wife (Deut. 24:5) (AC).
5If a man has recently married his wife, he is not to be subject to military service; he is to be free of external obligations and left at home for one year to make his new wife happy.

 72. That a bridegroom shall be exempt for a whole year from taking part in any public labor, such as military service, guarding the wall and similar duties (Deut. 24:5) (NC).
5If a man has recently married his wife, he is not to be subject to military service; he is to be free of external obligations and left at home for one year to make his new wife happy.

 73. Not to withhold food, clothing or conjugal rights from a wife (Ex. 21:10) (NC-42).
10If he marries another wife, he is not to reduce her food, clothing or marital rights.

 74. That the woman suspected of adultery shall be dealt with as prescribed in the Torah (Num. 5:30) (AC).
30… or the spirit of jealousy comes over a husband and he becomes jealous of his wife, then he is to place the woman before ADONAI, and the cohen [priest] is to deal with her in accordance with all of this law.

 75. That one who defames his wife’s honor (by falsely accusing her of unchastity before marriage) must live with her all his lifetime (Deut. 22:19) (AC).
19The leaders of that town are to take the man, punish him, and fine him two-and-a-half pounds of silver shekels, which they will give to the girl's father, because he has publicly defamed a virgin of Isra'el. She will remain his wife, and he is forbidden from divorcing her as long as he lives.

 76. That a man may not divorce his wife concerning whom he has published an evil report (about her unchastity before marriage) (Deut. 22:19) (NC).
19The leaders of that town are to take the man, punish him, and fine him two-and-a-half pounds of silver shekels, which they will give to the girl's father, because he has publicly defamed a virgin of Isra'el. She will remain his wife, and he is forbidden from divorcing her as long as he lives.

 77. To divorce by a formal written document (Deut. 24:1) (AC).
1Suppose a man marries a woman and consummates the marriage but later finds her displeasing, because he has found her offensive in some respect. He writes her a divorce document, gives it to her and sends her away from his house.

 78. That one who divorced his wife shall not remarry her, if after the divorce she had been married to another man (Deut. 24:4) (NC-134).
2She leaves his house, goes and becomes another man's wife; 3but the second husband dislikes her and writes her a get, gives it to her and sends her away from his house; or the second husband whom she married dies. 4In such a case her first husband, who sent her away, may not take her again as his wife, because she is now defiled. It would be detestable to ADONAI, and you are not to bring about sin in the land ADONAI your God is giving you as your inheritance.

 79. That a widow whose husband died childless must not be married to anyone but her deceased husband’s brother (Deut. 25:5) (NC-135)
(this is only in effect insofar as it requires the procedure of release below).
5If brothers live together, and one of them dies childless, his widow is not to marry someone unrelated to him; her husband's brother is to go to her and perform the duty of a brother-in-law by marrying her.

 80. To marry the widow of a brother who has died childless (Deut. 25:5)
(this is only in effect insofar as it requires the procedure of release below) (AC-45).
5If brothers live together, and one of them dies childless, his widow is not to marry someone unrelated to him; her husband's brother is to go to her and perform the duty of a brother-in-law by marrying her.

 81. That the widow formally release the brother-in-law (if he refuses to marry her) (Deut. 25:7-9) (AC-46).
7If the man does not wish to marry his brother's widow, then his brother's widow is to go up to the gate, to the leaders, and say, “My brother-in-law refuses to raise up for his brother a name in Isra'el; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother for me.” 8The leaders of his town are to summon him and speak to him. If, on appearing before them, he continues to say, “I don't want to marry her,” 9then his brother's widow is to approach him in the presence of the leaders, pull his sandal off his foot, spit in his face and say, “This is what is done to the man who refuses to build up his brother's family.”

Back to Index


Forbidden Sexual Relations

 82. Not to indulge in familiarities with relatives, such as kissing, embracing, winking, skipping, which may lead to incest (Lev. 18:6) (NC-110).
6None of you is to approach anyone who is a close relative in order to have sexual relations; I am ADONAI.

 83. Not to commit sodomy with one’s father (Lev. 18:7) (NC-111).
7You are not to have sexual relations with your father …

 84. Not to commit incest with one’s mother (Lev. 18:7) (NC-112).
7… and you are not to have sexual relations with your mother. She is your mother — do not have sexual relations with her.

 85. Not to commit incest with one’s father’s wife (Lev. 18:8) (NC-113).
8You are not to have sexual relations with your father's wife; that is your father's prerogative.

 86. Not to commit incest with one’s sister (Lev. 18:9) (NC-127).
9You are not to have sexual relations with your sister, the daughter of your father or the daughter of your mother, whether born at home or elsewhere. Do not have sexual relations with them.

 87. Not to commit incest with one’s father’s wife’s daughter (Lev. 18:11) (NC-128).
11You are not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughter, born to your father, because she is your sister; do not have sexual relations with her.

 88. Not to commit incest with one’ son’s daughter (Lev. 18:10) (NC-119)
(Note: CC treats this and the next as one commandment; however, Rambam treats them as two).
10You are not to have sexual relations with your son's daughter …

 89. Not to commit incest with one’s daughter’s daughter (Lev. 18:10) (NC-119)
(Note: CC treats this and the previous as one commandment; however, Rambam treats them as two).
10… or with your daughter's daughter. Do not have sexual relations with them, because their sexual disgrace will be your own.

 90. Not to commit incest with one’s daughter (this is not explicitly in the Torah but is inferred from other explicit commands that would include it) (Lev. 18:6) (NC-120).
6None of you is to approach anyone who is a close relative in order to have sexual relations; I am ADONAI.

 91. Not to commit incest with one’s fathers sister (Lev. 18:12) (NC-129).
12You are not to have sexual relations with your father's sister, because she is your father's close relative.

 92. Not to commit incest with one’s mother’s sister (Lev. 18:13) (NC-130).
13You are not to have sexual relations with your mother's sister, because she is your mother's close relative.

 93. Not to commit sodomy with one’s father’s brother (Lev. 18:14) (NC-114).
14You are not to disgrace your father's brother by having sexual relations with his wife, because she is your aunt.

 94. Not to commit incest with one’s father’s brothers wife (Lev. 18:14) (NC-125).
14You are not to disgrace your father's brother by having sexual relations with his wife, because she is your aunt.

 95. Not to commit incest with one’s son’s wife (Lev. 18:15) (NC-115).
15You are not to have sexual relations with your daughter-in-law; because she is your son's wife. Do not have sexual relations with her.

 96. Not to commit incest with one’s brother’s wife (Lev. 18:16) (NC-126).
16You are not to have sexual relations with your brother's wife, because this is your brother's prerogative.

 97. Not to commit incest with one’s wife’s daughter (Lev. 18:17) (NC-121).
17Do not have intercourse with the daughter or granddaughter of a woman with whom you have had intercourse; they may be related to you, and that would be incest.

  98. Not to commit incest with the daughter of one’s wife’s son (Lev. 18:17) (NC-122).
17Do not have intercourse with the daughter or granddaughter of a woman with whom you have had intercourse; they may be related to you, and that would be incest.

  99. Not to commit incest with the daughter of one’s wife’s daughter (Lev. 18:17) (NC-123).
17Do not have intercourse with the daughter or granddaughter of a woman with whom you have had intercourse; they may be related to you, and that would be incest.

100. Not to commit incest with one’s wife’s sister (Lev. 18:18) (NC-131).
18You are not to take a woman to be a rival with her sister and have sexual relations with her while her sister is still alive.

101. Not to have intercourse with a woman, in her menstrual period (Lev. 18:19) (NC-132).
19You are not to approach a woman in order to have sexual relations with her when she is unclean from her time of niddah [menstrual impurity].

102. Not to have intercourse with another man’s wife (Lev. 18:20) (NC-124).
20You are not to go to bed with your neighbor's wife and thus become unclean with her.

103. Not to commit sodomy with a male (Lev. 18:22) (NC-116).
22You are not to go to bed with a man as with a woman; it is an abomination.

104. Not to have intercourse with a beast (Lev. 18:23) (NC-117).
23You are not to have sexual relations with any kind of animal and thus become unclean with it …

105. That a woman shall not have intercourse with a beast (Lev. 18:23) (NC-118).
23 … nor is any woman to present herself to an animal to have sexual relations with it; it is perversion.

106. Not to castrate the male of any species; neither a man, nor a domestic or wild beast, nor a fowl (Lev. 22:24) (NC-143).
24An animal with bruised, crushed, torn or cut genitals you are not to offer to ADONAI. You are not to do these things in your land.

Back to Index


Times and Seasons

107. That the new month shall be solemnly proclaimed as holy, and the months and years shall be calculated by the Supreme Court only (Ex. 12:2) (AC)
(the authority to declare months is inferred from the use of the word “unto you").
2You are re to begin your calendar with this month; it will be the first month of the year for [unto] you.

108. Not to travel on Shabbat outside the limits of one’s place of residence (Ex. 16:29) (NC-7).
29Look, ADONAI has given you the Shabbat. This is why he is providing bread for two days on the sixth day. Each of you, stay where you are; no one is to leave his place on the seventh day.

109. To sanctify Shabbat (Ex. 20:8) (AC-19).
8Remember the day, Shabbat, to set it apart for God.

110. Not to do work on Shabbat (Ex. 20:10) (NC-6).
10but the seventh day is a day of rest dedicated to Me. On that day no one is to work — neither you, your children, your slaves, your animals, nor the foreigners who live in your country.

111. To rest on Shabbat (Ex. 23:12; 34:21) (AC-20).
12For six days, you are to work. But on the seventh day, you are to rest, so that your ox and donkey can rest, and your slave-girl's son and the foreigner be renewed.
21Six days you will work, but on the seventh day you are to rest — even in plowing time and harvest season you are to rest.

112. To celebrate the “pilgrim” festivals [Matzah, Shavu’ot, Sukkot] (Ex. 23:14-17) (AC).
14Three times a year, you are to observe a festival for me 15Keep the festival of matzah: for seven days, as I ordered you, you are to eat matzah at the time determined in the month of Aviv; for it was in that month that you left Egypt. No one is to appear before me empty-handed. 16Next, the festival of harvest [Shavu’ot], the firstfruits of your efforts sowing in the field; and last, the festival of ingathering [Sukkot], at the end of the year, when you gather in from the fields the results of your efforts. 17Three times a year all your men are to appear before the Lord, ADONAI.

113. To rejoice on the festivals (Deut. 16:14) (AC-21).
14Rejoice at your festival — you, your sons and daughters, your male and female slaves, the L'vi'im [Levites], and the foreigners, orphans and widows living among you.

114. To appear in the Sanctuary on the festivals (Deut. 16:16) (AC).
16Three times a year all your men are to appear in the presence of ADONAI your God in the place which he will choose — at the festival of matzah, at the festival of Shavu'ot and at the festival of Sukkot. They are not to show up before ADONAI empty-handed.

115. To remove chametz on the Eve of Passover (Ex. 12:15) (AC-22).
15For seven days you are to eat matzah - on the first day remove the leaven from your houses. For whoever eats hametz [leavened bread] from the first to the seventh day is to be cut off from Isra'el.

116. To rest on the first day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:7) (AC-25).
16On the first day and again on the seventh day you are to meet for worship. No work is to be done on those days, but you may prepare food.
7On the first day you are to have a holy convocation; don't do any kind of ordinary work.

117. Not to do work on the first day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:6-7) (NC-147).
16On the first and seventh days, you are to have an assembly set aside for God. On these days no work is to be done, except what each must do to prepare his food; you may do only that.
6On the fifteenth day of the same month is the festival of matzah; for seven days you are to eat matzah. 7On the first day you are to have a holy convocation; don't do any kind of ordinary work.

118. To rest on the seventh day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:8) (AC-27).
16On the first and seventh days, you are to have an assembly set aside for God. On these days no work is to be done, except what each must do to prepare his food; you may do only that.
8Bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work.

119. Not to do work on the seventh day of Passover (Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:8) (NC-148).
16On the first and seventh days, you are to have an assembly set aside for God. On these days no work is to be done, except what each must do to prepare his food; you may do only that.
8Bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work.

120. To eat matzah on the first night of Passover (Ex. 12:18) (AC-23).
18From the evening of the fourteenth day of the first month until the evening of the twenty-first day, you are to eat matzah.

121. That no chametz be in the Israelite’s possession during Passover (Ex. 12:19) (NC-3).
19During those seven days, no leaven is to be found in your houses. Whoever eats food with hametz in it is to be cut off from the community of Isra'el - it doesn't matter whether he is a foreigner or a citizen of the land.

122. Not to eat any food containing chametz on Passover (Ex. 12:20) (NC-5).
20Eat nothing with hametz in it. Wherever you live, eat matzah.

123. Not to eat chametz on Passover (Ex. 13:3) (NC-4).
3Moshe said to the people, "Remember this day, on which you left Egypt, the abode of slavery; because ADONAI, by the strength of his hand, has brought you out of this place. Do not eat hametz.

124. That chametz shall not be seen in an Israelite’s home during Passover (Ex. 13:7) (NC-2).
7Matzah is to be eaten throughout the seven days; neither hametz nor leavening agents are to be seen with you throughout your territory.

125. To discuss the departure from Egypt on the first night of Passover (Ex. 13:8) (AC-24).
8On that day you are to tell your son, “It is because of what ADONAI did for me when I left Egypt.”

126. Not to eat chametz after mid-day on the fourteenth of Nissan (Deut. 16:3) (NC-104).
3You are not to eat any hametz [any kind of leavening agent] with it; for seven days you are to eat with it matzah, the bread of affliction; for you came out of the land of Egypt in haste. Thus you will remember the day you left the land of Egypt as long as you live.

127. To count forty-nine days from the time of the cutting of the Omer (first sheaves of the barley harvest) (Lev. 23:15) (AC-26).
15From the day after the day of rest — that is, from the day you bring the sheaf for waving — you are to count seven full weeks.

128. To rest on Shavu’ot (Lev. 23:21) (AC-28).
21On the same day, you are to call a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; this is a permanent regulation through all your generations, no matter where you live.

129. Not to do work on the Shavu’ot (Lev. 23:21) (NC-149).
21On the same day, you are to call a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; this is a permanent regulation through all your generations, no matter where you live.

130. To rest on Rosh Hashanah (Yom Teruah)[130] (Lev. 23:24) (AC-29).
24Tell the people of Isra'el, “In the seventh month, the first of the month is to be for you a day of complete rest for remembering, a holy convocation announced with blasts on the shofar.”

131. Not to do work on Rosh Hashanah (Yom Teruah) (Lev. 23:25) (NC-150).
25Do not do any kind of ordinary work, and bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI.

132. To hear the sound of the shofar on Rosh Hashanah (Yom Teruah) (Num. 29:1) (AC-30).
1In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you are to have a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work; it is a day of blowing the shofar for you.

133. To fast on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:27) (AC-32).
27The tenth day of this seventh month is Yom-Kippur; you are to have a holy convocation, you are to deny yourselves, and you are to bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI.

134. Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:29) (NC-152).
29Anyone who does not deny himself on that day is to be cut off from his people.

135. Not to do work on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:31) (NC-151).
31You are not to do any kind of work; it is a permanent regulation through all your generations, no matter where you live.

136. To rest on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:32) (AC-31).
32It will be for you a Shabbat of complete rest, and you are to deny yourselves; you are to rest on your Shabbat from evening the ninth day of the month until the following evening.

136. To rest on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35) (AC-34).
35On the first day there is to be a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work.

138. Not to do work on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35) (NC-153).
35On the first day there is to be a holy convocation; do not do any kind of ordinary work.

139. To rest on the eighth day of Sukkot (Shemini Atzeret) (Lev. 23:36) (AC-37).
36For seven days you are to bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI; on the eighth day you are to have a holy convocation and bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI; it is a day of public assembly; do not do any kind of ordinary work.

140. Not to do work on the eighth day of Sukkot (Shemini Atzeret) (Lev. 23:36) (NC-154).
36For seven days you are to bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI; on the eighth day you are to have a holy convocation and bring an offering made by fire to ADONAI; it is a day of public assembly; do not do any kind of ordinary work.

141. To take during Sukkot a palm branch and the other three plants (Lev. 23:40) (AC-36).
40On the first day you are to take choice fruit, palm fronds, thick branches and river-willows, and celebrate in the presence of ADONAI your God for seven days.

142. To dwell in booths seven days during Sukkot (Lev. 23:42) (AC-35).
42You are to live in sukkot for seven days; every citizen of Isra'el is to live in a sukkah.

Back to Index


Dietary Laws
HERE is a simple explanation of the Dietary Laws

143. To examine the marks in cattle (so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean) (Lev. 11:2-3) (AC).
2Tell the people of Isra'el, “These are the living creatures which you may eat among all the land animals: 3any that has a separate hoof which is completely divided and chews the cud - these animals you may eat.

144. Not to eat the flesh of unclean beasts (Lev. 11:4) (NC-93).
4But you are not to eat those that only chew the cud or only have a separate hoof. For example, the camel, the coney and the hare are unclean for you, because they chew the cud but don't have a separate hoof;

145. To examine the marks in fishes (so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Lev. 11:9) (AC).
9Of all the things that live in the water, you may eat these: anything in the water that has fins and scales, whether in seas or in rivers — these you may eat.

146. Not to eat unclean fish (Lev. 11:10-11) (NC-95).
10But everything in the seas and rivers without both fins and scales, of all the small water-creatures and of all the living creatures in the water, is a detestable thing for you. 11Yes, these will be detestable for you -you are not to eat their meat, and you are to detest their carcasses.

147.To examine the marks in fowl, so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Deut. 14:11) (AC).
11You may eat any clean bird; 12but these you are not to eat: eagles, vultures, ospreys, 13kites, any kind of buzzard, 14any kind of raven, 15ostriches, screech-owls, seagulls, any kind of hawk, 16little owls, great owls, horned owls, 17pelicans, barn owls, cormorants, 18storks, any kind of heron, hoopoes and bats.

148. Not to eat unclean fowl (Lev. 11:13) (NC-94).
13The following creatures of the air are to be detestable for you — they are not to be eaten, they are a detestable thing: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey, 14the kite, the various kinds of buzzards, 15the various kinds of ravens, 16the ostrich, the screech-owl, the seagull, the various kinds of hawks, 17the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, 18the horned owl, the pelican, the barn owl, 193the stork, the various kinds of herons, the hoopoe and the bat.

149. To examine the marks in locusts, so as to distinguish the clean from the unclean (Lev. 11:21) (AC).
20All winged swarming creatures that go on all fours are a detestable thing for you; 21except that of all winged swarming creatures that go on all fours, you may eat those that have jointed legs above their feet, enabling them to jump off the ground.

150. Not to eat a worm found in fruit (Lev. 11:41) (NC-98).
41Any creature that swarms on the ground is a detestable thing; it is not to be eaten.

151. Not to eat of things that creep upon the earth (Lev. 11:41-42) (NC-97).
41Any creature that swarms on the ground is a detestable thing; it is not to be eaten — 42whatever moves on its stomach, goes on all fours, or has many legs — all creatures that swarm on the ground; you are not to eat them, because they are a detestable thing.

152. Not to eat any vermin of the earth (Lev. 11:44) (NC-100).
44For I am ADONAI your God; therefore, consecrate yourselves and be holy, for I am holy; and do not defile yourselves with any kind of swarming creature that moves along the ground.

153. Not to eat things that swarm in the water (Lev. 11:43 and 46) (NC-99).
43You are not to make yourselves detestable with any of these swarming, crawling creatures; do not make yourselves unclean with them, do not defile yourselves with them. 44For I am ADONAI your God; therefore, consecrate yourselves and be holy, for I am holy; and do not defile yourselves with any kind of swarming creature that moves along the ground. 45For I am ADONAI, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God. Therefore you are to be holy, because I am holy. 46Such, then, is the law concerning animals, flying creatures, all living creatures that move about in the water, and all creatures that swarm on the ground.

154. Not to eat of winged insects (Deut. 14:19) (NC-96).
19All winged swarming creatures are unclean for you; they are not to be eaten;

155. Not to eat the flesh of a beast that is terefah [torn] (Ex. 22:31) (NC-87).
31You are to be my specially separated people. Therefore you are not to eat any flesh torn by wild animals in the countryside; rather, throw it out for the dogs.

156. Not to eat the flesh of a beast that died of itself (Deut. 14:21) (NC-86).
21You are not to eat any animal that dies naturally;

157. To slay cattle, deer and fowl according to the laws of shechitah[157a] if their flesh is to be eaten (Deut. 12:21) (“as I have commanded” in this verse refers to the technique) (AC-48).
21If the place which ADONAI your God chooses to place his name is too far away from you; then you are to slaughter animals from your cattle or sheep, which ADONAI has given you; and eat on your own property, as much as you want. (CJB)
21If the place where the Lord your God chooses to put His name is too far from you, you may slaughter any of your herd or flock He has given you, as I have commanded you[157b], and you may eat it within your gates whenever you want. (HCSB)

158. Not to eat a limb removed from a living beast (Deut. 12:23) (NC-90).
23Just take care not to eat the blood, for the blood is the life, and you are not to eat the life with the meat.

159. Not to slaughter an animal and its young on the same day (Lev. 22:28) (NC-108).
28However, no animal is to be slaughtered together with its young on the same day, neither cow nor ewe.

160. Not to take the mother-bird with the young (Deut. 22:6) (NC-189).
6If, as you are walking along, you happen to see a bird's nest in a tree or on the ground with chicks or eggs, and the mother bird is sitting on the chicks or the eggs, you are not to take the mother with the chicks.

161. To set the mother-bird free when taking the nest (Deut. 22:6-7) (AC-74).
6If, as you are walking along, you happen to see a bird's nest in a tree or on the ground with chicks or eggs, and the mother bird is sitting on the chicks or the eggs, you are not to take the mother with the chicks. 7You must let the mother go, but you may take the chicks for yourself; so that things will go well with you, and you will prolong your life.

162. Not to eat the flesh of an ox that was condemned to be stoned (Ex. 21:28) (NC).
28If an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox is to be stoned and its flesh not eaten, but the owner of the ox will have no further liability.

163. Not to boil meat with milk (Ex. 23:19) (NC-91).
19You are not to boil a young animal in its mother's milk.

164. Not to eat flesh with milk (Ex. 34:26) (according to the Talmud, this passage is a distinct prohibition from the one in Ex. 23:19) (NC-92).
26You are not to boil a young goat in its mother's milk. [164]

165. Not to eat the of the thigh-vein which shrank (Gen. 32:32) (NC-1).
31As the sun rose upon him he [Ya'akov] went on past P'ni-El, limping at the hip. 32This is why, to this day, the people of Isra'el do not eat the thigh muscle that passes along the hip socket - because the man struck Ya'akov's hip at its socket.

166. Not to eat chelev (tallow-fat) (Lev. 7:23) (NC-88).
23Say to the people of Isra'el, “You are not to eat the fat of bulls, sheep or goats.”

167. Not to eat blood (Lev. 7:26) (NC-89).
26You are not to eat any kind of blood, whether from birds or animals, in any of your homes.

168. To cover the blood of undomesticated animals (deer, etc.) and of fowl that have been killed (Lev. 17:13) (AC-49).
13When someone from the community of Isra'el or one of the foreigners living with you hunts and catches game, whether animal or bird that may be eaten, he is to pour out its blood and cover it with earth.

169. Not to eat or drink like a glutton or a drunkard (not to rebel against father or mother) (Deut. 21:20) (NC-106).
18If a man has a stubborn, rebellious son who will not obey what his father or mother says, and even after they discipline him he still refuses to pay attention to them, 19then his father and mother are to take hold of him and bring him out to the leaders of his town, at the gate of that place, 20and say to the leaders of his town, “This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious, he doesn't pay attention to us, lives wildly, gets drunk.”

Back to Index


Business Practices

170. Not to do wrong in buying or selling (Lev. 25:14) (NC-47).
14If you sell anything to your neighbor or buy anything from him, neither of you is to exploit the other.

171. Not to make a loan to an Israelite on interest (Lev. 25:37) (NC-54).
36Do not charge him interest or otherwise profit from him, but fear your God, so that your brother can continue living with you. 37Do not take interest when you loan him money or take a profit when you sell him food.

172. Not to borrow on interest (Lev. 25:37) (because this would cause the lender to sin) (NC-55).
36Do not charge him interest or otherwise profit from him, but fear your God, so that your brother can continue living with you. 37Do not take interest when you loan him money or take a profit when you sell him food.

173. Not to take part in any usurious transaction between borrower and lender, neither as a surety, nor as a witness, nor as a writer of the bond for them (Ex. 22:25) (NC-53).
25If you loan money to one of my people who is poor, you are not to deal with him as would a creditor; and you are not to charge him interest.

174. To lend to a poor person (Ex. 22:25) (even though the passage says “if you lend” it is understood as obligatory) (AC-62).
25If you loan money to one of my people who is poor, you are not to deal with him as would a creditor; and you are not to charge him interest.

175. Not to demand from a poor man repayment of his debt, when the creditor knows that he cannot pay, nor press him (Ex. 22:25) (NC-52).
25If you loan money to one of my people who is poor, you are not to deal with him as would a creditor; and you are not to charge him interest.

176. Not to take in pledge utensils used in preparing food (Deut. 24:6) (NC-58).
6No one may take a mill or even an upper millstone as collateral for a loan, because that would be taking as collateral the debtor's very means of sustenance.

177. Not to exact a pledge from a debtor by force (Deut. 24:10) (NC-59).
10When you make any kind of loan to your neighbor, you are not to enter his house to take his collateral.

178. Not to keep the pledge from its owner at the time when he needs it (Deut. 24:12) (NC-61).
12If he is poor, you are not to go to bed with what he gave as collateral in your possession;

179. To return a pledge to its owner (Deut. 24:13) (AC-63).
13 rather, you must restore the pledged item at sunset; then he will go to sleep wearing his garment and bless you. This will be an upright deed of yours before ADONAI your God.

180. Not to take a pledge from a widow (Deut. 24:17) (NC-60).
17You are not to deprive the foreigner or the orphan of the justice which is his due, and you are not to take a widow's clothing as collateral for a loan.

181. Not to commit fraud in measuring (Lev. 19:35) (NC-83).
35Don't be dishonest when measuring length, weight or capacity.

182. To ensure that scales and weights are correct (Lev. 19:36) (AC).
36Rather, use an honest balance-scale, honest weights, an honest bushel dry-measure and an honest gallon liquid-measure; I am ADONAI your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.

183. Not to possess inaccurate measures and weights (Deut. 25:13-14) (NC-84).
13You are not to have in your pack two sets of weights, one heavy, the other light. 14You are not to have in your house two sets of measures, one big, the other small.

Back to Index


Employees, Servants, and Slaves

184. Not to delay payment of a hired man’s wages (Lev. 19:13) (NC-38).
13Do not oppress or rob your neighbor; specifically, you are not to keep back the wages of a hired worker all night until morning.

185. That the hired laborer shall be permitted to eat of the produce he is reaping (Deut. 23:24-25) (AC-65).
24When you enter your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat enough grapes to satisfy your appetite; but you are not to put any in your basket. 25When you enter your neighbor's field of growing grain, you may pluck ears with your hand; but you are not to put a sickle to your neighbor's grain.

186. That the hired laborer shall not take more than he can eat (Deut. 23:24) (NC-187).
24When you enter your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat enough grapes to satisfy your appetite; but you are not to put any in your basket.

187. That a hired laborer shall not eat produce that is not being harvested (Deut. 23:25) (NC-186).
25When you enter your neighbor's field of growing grain, you may pluck ears with your hand; but you are not to put a sickle to your neighbor's grain.

188. To pay wages to the hired man at the due time (Deut. 24:15) (AC-66).
15You are to pay him his wages the day he earns them, before sunset; for he is poor and looks forward to being paid. Otherwise he will cry out against you to ADONAI, and it will be your sin.

189. To deal judicially with the Hebrew bondman in accordance with the laws appertaining to him (Ex. 21:2-6) (AC).
2If you purchase a Hebrew slave, he is to work six years; but in the seventh, he is to be given his freedom without having to pay anything. 3If he came single, he is to leave single; if he was married when he came, his wife is to go with him when he leaves. 4But if his master gave him a wife, and she bore him sons or daughters, then the wife and her children will belong to her master, and he will leave by himself. 5Nevertheless, if the slave declares, “I love my master, my wife and my children, so I don't want to go free,” 6then his master is to bring him before God; and there at the door or doorpost, his master is to pierce his ear with an awl; and the man will be his slave for life.

190. Not to compel the Hebrew servant to do the work of a slave (Lev. 25:39) (NC).
39If a member of your people has become poor among you and sells himself to you, do not make him do the work of a slave.

191. Not to sell a Hebrew servant as a slave (Lev. 25:42) (NC).
42For they are my slaves, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; therefore they are not to be sold as slaves.

192. Not to treat a Hebrew servant rigorously (Lev. 25:43) (NC).
43Do not treat him harshly, but fear your God.

193. Not to permit a gentile to treat harshly a Hebrew bondman sold to him (Lev. 25:53) (NC).
47If a foreigner living with you has grown rich, and a member of your people has become poor and sells himself to this foreigner living with you or to a member of the foreigner's family, … 53He will be like a worker hired year by year. You will see to it that he is not treated harshly.

194. Not to send away a Hebrew bondman servant empty handed, when he is freed from service (Deut. 15:13) (NC).
13Moreover, when you set him free, don't let him leave empty-handed; …

195. To bestow liberal gifts upon the Hebrew bondsman (at the end of his term of service), and the same should be done to a Hebrew bondwoman (Deut. 15:14) (AC).
14but supply him generously from your flock, threshing-floor and winepress; from what ADONAI your God has blessed you with, you are to give to him.

196. To redeem a Hebrew maid-servant (Ex. 21:8) (AC).
8If her master married her but decides she no longer pleases him, then he is to allow her to be redeemed. He is not allowed to sell her to a foreign people, because he has treated her unfairly.

197. Not to sell a Hebrew maid-servant to another person (Ex. 21:8) (NC).
8If her master married her but decides she no longer pleases him, then he is to allow her to be redeemed. He is not allowed to sell her to a foreign people, because he has treated her unfairly.

198. To espouse a Hebrew maid-servant (Ex. 21:8-9) (AC).
8If her master married her but decides she no longer pleases him, then he is to allow her to be redeemed. He is not allowed to sell her to a foreign people, because he has treated her unfairly. 9If he has her marry his son, then he is to treat her like a daughter.

199. To keep the Canaanite slave forever (Lev. 25:46) (AC).
46You may also bequeath them to your children to own; from these groups you may take your slaves forever. But as far as your brothers the people of Isra'el are concerned, you are not to treat each other harshly.

200. Not to surrender a slave, who has fled to the land of Israel, to his owner who lives outside Israel (Deut. 23:16) (NC).
15If a slave has escaped from his master and taken refuge with you, you are not to hand him back to his master. 16Allow him to stay with you, in whichever place suits him best among your settlements; do not mistreat him.

201. Not to wrong such a slave (Deut. 23:16) (NC).
16… do not mistreat him.

202. Not to muzzle a beast, while it is working in produce which it can eat and enjoy (Deut. 25:4) (NC-188).
4You are not to muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain.

Back to Index


Vows, Oaths and Swearing

203. That a man should fulfill whatever he has uttered (Deut. 23:23) (AC-39).
22If you choose not to make a vow at all, that will not be a sin for 23but if a vow passes your lips, you must take care to perform it according to what you voluntarily vowed to ADONAI your God, what you promised in words spoken aloud.

204. Not to swear needlessly (Ex. 20:7) (NC-29).
7You are not to use lightly the name of ADONAI your God, because ADONAI will not leave unpunished someone who uses his name lightly.

205. Not to violate an oath or swear falsely (Lev. 19:12) (NC-31).
12Do not swear by my name falsely, which would be profaning the name of your God; I am ADONAI.

206. To decide in cases of annulment of vows, according to the rules set forth in the Torah (Num. 30:2-16) (AC-40).
2when a man makes a vow to ADONAI or formally obligates himself by swearing an oath, he is not to break his word but is to do everything he said he would do. 3When a woman makes a vow to ADONAI, formally obligating herself, while she is a minor living in her father's house; 4then, if her father has heard what she vowed or obligated herself to do and holds his peace, then all her vows remain binding — every obligation she has bound herself to will stand. 5But if on the day her father hears it, he expresses his disapproval, then none of her vows or obligations she has bound herself to will stand; and ADONAI will forgive her, because her father expressed his disapproval. 6If, having made vows or rashly committed herself to an obligation, she gets married; 7and her husband hears but holds his peace with her on the day he learns of it, then her vows and obligations she has bound herself to will stand. 8But if her husband expresses his disapproval on the day he hears it, he will void the vow which is on her and the obligation to which she has bound herself; and ADONAI will forgive her. 9The vow of a widow, however, or of a divorcee, including everything to which she has obligated herself, will stand against her. 10If a woman vowed in her husband's house or obligated herself with an 11and her husband heard it but held his peace with her and did not express disapproval, then all her vows and obligations will stand. 12But if her husband makes them null and void on the day he hears them, then whatever she said, vows or binding obligation, will not stand; her husband has voided them; and ADONAI will forgive her. 13Her husband may let every vow and every binding obligation stand, or he may void it. 14But if her husband entirely holds his peace with her day after day, then he confirms all her vows and obligations; he must let them stand, because he held his peace with her on the day he heard them. 15If he makes them null and void after he has heard them, then he will bear the consequent guilt. 16These are the laws which ADONAI ordered Moshe between a man and his wife, and between a father and his daughter, if she is a minor living in her father's house.

207. Not to break a vow (Num. 30:3) (NC-184).
2when a man makes a vow to ADONAI or formally obligates himself by swearing an oath, he is not to break his word but is to do everything he said he would do.

208. To swear by His name truly (Deut. 10:20) (AC).
20You are to fear ADONAI your God, serve him, cling to him and swear by his name.

209. Not to delay in fulfilling vows or bringing vowed or free-will offerings (Deut. 23:22) (NC-185).

The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years

210. To let the land lie fallow in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11; Lev. 25:2) (AC) (IC-20).

211. To cease from tilling the land in the Sabbatical year (Ex. 23:11) (AC) (Lev. 25:2) (IC-21).

212. Not to till the ground in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4) (NC) (IC-22).

213. Not to do any work on the trees in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:4) (NC) (IC-23).

214. Not to reap the aftermath that grows in the Sabbatical year, in the same way as it is reaped in other years (Lev. 25:5) (NC) (IC-24).

215. Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Sabbatical year in the same way as it is gathered in other years (Lev. 25:5) (NC) (IC-25).

216. To sound the Ram’s horn in the Sabbatical year (Lev. 25:9) (AC).

217. To release debts in the seventh year (Deut. 15:2) (AC-64).

218. Not to demand return of a loan after the Sabbatical year has passed (Deut. 15:2) (NC-57).

219. Not to refrain from making a loan to a poor man, because of the release of loans in the Sabbatical year (Deut. 15:9) (NC-56).

220. To assemble the people to hear the Torah at the close of the seventh year (Deut. 31:12) (AC)

221. To count the years of the Jubilee by years and by cycles of seven years (Lev. 25:8) (AC).

222. To keep the Jubilee year holy by resting and letting the land lie fallow (Lev. 25:10) (AC).

223. Not to cultivate the soil nor do any work on the trees, in the Jubilee Year (Lev. 25:11) (NC).

224. Not to reap the aftermath of the field that grew of itself in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11) (NC).

225. Not to gather the fruit of the tree in the Jubilee Year, in the same way as in other years (Lev. 25:11) (NC).

226. To grant redemption to the land in the Jubilee year (Lev. 25:24) (AC).

Back to Index


Courts and Judicial Procedure

227. To appoint judges and officers in every community of Israel (Deut. 16:18) (AC).

228. Not to appoint as a judge, a person who is not well versed in the laws of the Torah, even if he is expert in other branches of knowledge (Deut. 1:17) (NC-64).

229. To adjudicate cases of purchase and sale (Lev. 25:14) (AC-67).

230. To judge cases of liability of a paid depositary (Ex. 22:9) (AC).

231. To adjudicate cases of loss for which a gratuitous borrower is liable (Ex. 22:13-14) (AC).

232. To adjudicate cases of inheritances (Num. 27:8-11) (AC-73).

233. To judge cases of damage caused by an uncovered pit (Ex. 21:33-34) (AC).

234. To judge cases of injuries caused by beasts (Ex. 21:35-36) (AC).

235. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by trespass of cattle (Ex. 22:4) (AC).

236. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by fire (Ex. 22:5) (AC).

237. To adjudicate cases of damage caused by a gratuitous depositary (Ex. 22:6-7) (AC).

238. To adjudicate other cases between a plaintiff and a defendant (Ex. 22:8) (AC).

239. Not to curse a judge (Ex. 22:27) (NC-63).

240. That one who possesses evidence shall testify in Court (Lev. 5:1) (AC).

241. Not to testify falsely (Ex. 20:13) (NC-39).

242. That a witness, who has testified in a capital case, shall not lay down the law in that particular case (Num. 35:30) (NC).

243. That a transgressor shall not testify (Ex. 23:1) (NC-75).

244. That the court shall not accept the testimony of a close relative of the defendant in matters of capital punishment (Deut. 24:16) (NC-74).

245. Not to hear one of the parties to a suit in the absence of the other party (Ex. 23:1) (NC-65).

246. To examine witnesses thoroughly (Deut. 13:15) (AC).

247. Not to decide a case on the evidence of a single witness (Deut. 19:15) (NC-73).

248. To give the decision according to the majority, when there is a difference of opinion among the members of the Sanhedrin as to matters of law (Ex. 23:2) (AC).

249. Not to decide, in capital cases, according to the view of the majority, when those who are for condemnation exceed by one only, those who are for acquittal (Ex. 23:2) (NC).

250. That, in capital cases, one who had argued for acquittal, shall not later on argue for condemnation (Ex. 23:2) (NC).

251. To treat parties in a litigation with equal impartiality (Lev. 19:15) (AC).

252. Not to render iniquitous decisions (Lev. 19:15) (NC-69).

253. Not to favor a great man when trying a case (Lev. 19:15) (NC-70).

254. Not to take a bribe (Ex. 23:8) (NC-71).

255. Not to be afraid of a bad man, when trying a case (Deut. 1:17) (NC-72).

256. Not to be moved in trying a case, by the poverty of one of the parties (Ex. 23:3; Lev. 19:15) (NC-66).

257. Not to pervert the judgment of strangers or orphans (Deut. 24:17) (NC-68).

258. Not to pervert the judgment of a sinner (a person poor in fulfillment of commandments) (Ex. 23:6) (NC-67).

259. Not to render a decision on one’s personal opinion, but only on the evidence of two witnesses, who saw what actually occurred (Ex. 23:7) (NC).

260. Not to execute one guilty of a capital offense, before he has stood his trial (Num. 35:12) (NC).

261. To accept the rulings of every Supreme Court in Israel (Deut. 17:11) (AC).

262. Not to rebel against the orders of the Court (Deut. 17:11) (NC-158).

Back to Index


Injuries and Damages

263. To make a parapet for your roof (Deut. 22:8) (AC-75).

264. Not to leave something that might cause hurt (Deut. 22:8) (NC-190).

265. To save the pursued even at the cost of the life of the pursuer (Deut. 25:12) (AC).

266. Not to spare a pursuer, but he is to be slain before he reaches the pursued and slays the latter, or uncovers his nakedness (Deut. 25:12) (NC).

Back to Index


Property and Property Rights

267. Not to sell a field in the land of Israel in perpetuity (Lev. 25:23) (NC).

268. Not to change the character of the open land (about the cities of) the Levites or of their fields; not to sell it in perpetuity, but it may be redeemed at any time (Lev. 25:34) (NC).

269. That houses sold within a walled city may be redeemed within a year (Lev. 25:29) (AC).

270. Not to remove landmarks (property boundaries) (Deut. 19:14) (NC-85).

271. Not to swear falsely in denial of another’s property rights (Lev. 19:11) (NC-30).

272. Not to deny falsely another’s property rights (Lev. 19:11) (NC-36).

273. Never to settle in the land of Egypt (Deut. 17:16) (NC-192).

274. Not to steal personal property (Lev. 19:11) (NC-34).

275. To restore that which one took by robbery (Lev. 5:23) (AC-68).

276. To return lost property (Deut. 22:1) (AC-69).

277. Not to pretend not to have seen lost property, to avoid the obligation to return it (Deut. 22:3) (NC-182).

Back to Index


Criminal Laws

278. Not to slay an innocent person (Ex. 20:13) (NC-32).

279. Not to kidnap any person of Israel (Ex. 20:13) (according to the Talmud, this verse refers to stealing a person, distinguished from Lev. 19:11, regarding the taking of property) (NC-33).

280. Not to rob by violence (Lev. 19:13) (NC-35).

281. Not to defraud (Lev. 19:13) (NC-37).

282. Not to covet what belongs to another (Ex. 20:14) (NC-40).

283. Not to crave something that belongs to another (Deut. 5:18) (NC-41).

284. Not to indulge in evil thoughts and sights (Num. 15:39) (NC-156).

Back to Index


Punishment and Restitution

285. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by decapitation with the sword (Ex. 21:20; Lev. 26:25) (AC).

286. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by strangulation (Lev. 20:10) (AC).

287. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by burning with fire (Lev. 20:14) (AC).

288. That the Court shall pass sentence of death by stoning (Deut. 22:24) (AC).

289. To hang the dead body of one who has incurred that penalty (Deut. 21:22) (AC).

290. That the dead body of an executed criminal shall not remain hanging on the tree over night (Deut. 21:23) (NC).

291. To inter the executed on the day of execution (Deut. 21:23) (AC)

292. Not to accept ransom from a murderer (Num. 35:31) (NC).

293. To exile one who committed accidental homicide (Num. 35:25) (AC).

294. To establish six cities of refuge (for those who committed accidental homicide) (Deut. 19:3) (AC).

295. Not to accept ransom from an accidental homicide, so as to relieve him from exile (Num. 35:32) (NC).

296. To decapitate the heifer in the manner prescribed (in expiation of a murder on the road, the perpetrator of which remained undiscovered) (Deut. 21:4) (AC).

297. Not to plow nor sow the rough valley (in which a heifer’s neck was broken) (Deut. 21:4) (NC).

298. To adjudge a thief to pay compensation or (in certain cases) suffer death (Ex. 21:16; Ex. 21:37; Ex. 22:1) (AC).

299. That he who inflicts a bodily injury shall pay monetary compensation (Ex. 21:18-19) (AC).

300. To impose a penalty of fifty shekels upon the seducer (of an unbetrothed virgin) and enforce the other rules in connection with the case (Ex. 22:15-16) (AC).

301. That the violator (of an unbetrothed virgin) shall marry her (Deut. 22:28-29) (AC).

302. That one who has raped a damsel and has then (in accordance with the law) married her, may not divorce her (Deut. 22:29) (NC).

303. Not to inflict punishment on Shabbat (Ex. 35:3) (because some punishments were inflicted by fire) (NC).

304. To punish the wicked by the infliction of stripes (Deut. 25:2) (AC).

305. Not to exceed the statutory number of stripes laid on one who has incurred that punishment (Deut. 25:3) (and by implication, not to strike anyone) (NC-43).

306. Not to spare the offender, in imposing the prescribed penalties on one who has caused damage (Deut. 19:13) (NC).

307. To do unto false witnesses as they had purposed to do (to the accused) (Deut. 19:19) (AC).

308. Not to punish any one who has committed an offense under duress (Deut. 22:26) (NC).

Back to Index


Prophecy

309. To heed the call of every prophet in each generation, provided that he neither adds to, nor takes away from the Torah (Deut. 18:15) (AC).

310. Not to prophesy falsely (Deut. 18:20) (NC-175).

311. Not to refrain from putting a false prophet to death nor to be in fear of him (Deut. 18:22) (NC).

Back to Index


Idolatry and Idolaters

312. Not to make a graven image; neither to make it oneself nor to have it made by others (Ex. 20:4) (NC-9).

313. Not to make any figures for ornament, even if they are not worshipped (Ex. 20:20) (NC-144).

314. Not to make idols even for others (Ex. 34:17; Lev. 19:4) (NC-10).

315. Not to use the ornament of any object of idolatrous worship (Deut. 7:25) (NC-17).

316. Not to make use of an idol or its accessory objects, offerings, or libations (Deut. 7:26) (NC-18).

317. Not to drink wine of idolaters (Deut. 32:38) (NC-15).

318. Not to worship an idol in the way in which it is usually worshipped (Ex. 20:5) (NC-12).

319. Not to bow down to an idol, even if that is not its mode of worship (Ex. 20:5) (NC-11).

320. Not to prophesy in the name of an idol (Ex. 23:13; Deut. 18:20) (NC-27).

321. Not to hearken to one who prophesies in the name of an idol (Deut. 13:4) (NC-22).

322. Not to lead the children of Israel astray to idolatry (Ex. 23:13) (NC-14).

323. Not to entice an Israelite to idolatry (Deut. 13:12) (NC-23).

324. To destroy idolatry and its appurtenances (Deut. 12:2-3) (AC).

325. Not to love the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9) (NC-24).

326. Not to give up hating the enticer to idolatry (Deut. 13:9) (NC-25).

327. Not to save the enticer from capital punishment, but to stand by at his execution (Deut. 13:9) (NC).

328. A person whom he attempted to entice to idolatry shall not urge pleas for the acquittal of the enticer (Deut. 13:9) (NC-26).

329. A person whom he attempted to entice shall not refrain from giving evidence of the enticer’s guilt, if he has such evidence (Deut. 13:9) (NC).

330. Not to swear by an idol to its worshipers, nor cause them to swear by it (Ex. 23:13) (NC-13).

331. Not to turn one’s attention to idolatry (Lev. 19:4) (NC-16).

332. Not to adopt the institutions of idolaters nor their customs (Lev. 18:3; Lev. 20:23) (NC-21).

333. Not to pass a child through the fire to Molech (Lev. 18:21) (NC).

334. Not to suffer anyone practicing witchcraft to live (Ex. 22:17) (NC).

335. Not to practice onein (observing times or seasons as favorable or unfavorable, using astrology) (Lev. 19:26) (NC-166).

336. Not to practice nachesh (doing things based on signs and portents; using charms and incantations) (Lev. 19:26) (NC-165).

337. Not to consult ovoth (ghosts) (Lev. 19:31) (NC-170).

338. Not to consult yid’onim (wizards) (Lev. 19:31) (NC-171).

339. Not to practice kisuf (magic using herbs, stones and objects that people use) (Deut. 18:10) (NC-168).

340. Not to practice kessem (a general term for magical practices) (Deut. 18:10) (NC-167).

341. Not to practice the art of a chover chaver (casting spells over snakes and scorpions) (Deut. 18:11) (NC-169).

342. Not to enquire of an ob (a ghost) (Deut. 18:11) (NC-172).

343. Not to seek the maytim (dead) (Deut. 18:11) (NC-174).

344. Not to enquire of a yid’oni (wizard) (Deut. 18:11) (NC-173).

345. Not to remove the entire beard, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:27) (NC-177).

346. Not to round the corners of the head, as the idolatrous priests do (Lev. 19:27) (NC-176).

347. Not to cut oneself or make incisions in one’s flesh in grief, like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28; Deut. 14:1) (NC-28).

348. Not to tattoo the body like the idolaters (Lev. 19:28) (NC-163).

349. Not to make a bald spot for the dead (Deut. 14:1) (NC-164).

350. Not to plant a tree for worship (Deut. 16:21) (NC).

351. Not to set up a pillar (for worship) (Deut. 16:22) (NC-162).

352. Not to show favor to idolaters (Deut. 7:2) (NC-20).

353. Not to make a covenant with the seven (Canaanite, idolatrous) nations (Ex. 23:32; Deut. 7:2) (NC).

354. Not to settle idolaters in our land (Ex. 23:33) (NC) (IC-26).

355. To slay the inhabitants of a city that has become idolatrous and burn that city (Deut. 13:16-17) (AC).

356. Not to rebuild a city that has been led astray to idolatry (Deut. 13:17) (NC).

357. Not to make use of the property of city that has been so led astray (Deut. 13:18) (NC).

Back to Index


Agriculture and Animal Husbandry

358. Not to cross-breed cattle of different species (Lev. 19:19) (according to the Talmud, this also applies to birds) (NC-142).

359. Not to sow different kinds of seed together in one field (Lev. 19:19) (NC-107).

360. Not to eat the fruit of a tree for three years from the time it was planted (Lev. 19:23) (NC-105).

361. That the fruit of fruit-bearing trees in the fourth year of their planting shall be sacred like the second tithe and eaten in Jerusalem (Lev. 19:24) (AC) (IC-16).

362. Not to sow grain or herbs in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9) (NC).

363. Not to eat the produce of diverse seeds sown in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9) (NC).

364. Not to work with beasts of different species, yoked together (Deut. 22:10) (NC-180).

Back to Index


Clothing

365. That a man shall not wear women’s clothing (Deut. 22:5) (NC-179).

366. That a woman should not wear men’s clothing (Deut. 22:5) (NC-178).

367. Not to wear garments made of wool and linen mixed together (Deut. 22:11) (NC-181).

Back to Index


The Firstborn

368. To redeem the firstborn human male (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20; Num. 18:15) (AC-54).

369. To redeem the firstling of an ass (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20) (AC-55).

370. To break the neck of the firstling of an ass if it is not redeemed (Ex. 13:13; Ex. 34:20) (AC-56).

371. Not to redeem the firstling of a clean beast (Num. 18:17) (NC-109).

Back to Index


Kohanim and Levi'im

372. That the kohanim shall put on priestly vestments for the service (Ex. 28:2) (AC).

373. Not to tear the High Kohein’s robe (Ex. 28:32) (NC).

374. That the kohein shall not enter the Sanctuary at all times (i.e., at times when he is not performing service) (Lev. 16:2) (NC).

375. That the ordinary kohein shall not defile himself by contact with any dead, other than immediate relatives (Lev. 21:1-3) (NC-141).

376. That the kohanim defile themselves for their deceased relatives (by attending their burial), and mourn for them like other Israelites, who are commanded to mourn for their relatives (Lev. 21:3) (AC-59).

377. That a kohein who had an immersion during the day (to cleanse him from his uncleanness) shall not serve in the Sanctuary until after sunset (Lev. 21:6) (NC).

378. That a kohein shall not marry a divorced woman (Lev. 21:7) (NC-140).

379. That a kohein shall not marry a harlot (Lev. 21:7) (NC-138).

380. That a kohein shall not marry a profaned woman (Lev. 21:7) (NC-139).

381. To show honor to a kohein, and to give him precedence in all things that are holy (Lev. 21:8) (AC-50).

382. That a High Kohein shall not defile himself with any dead, even if they are relatives (Lev. 21:11) (NC).

383. That a High Kohein shall not go (under the same roof) with a dead body (Lev. 21:11) It has been learnt by tradition that a kohein, who does so, violates the prohibition, “Neither shall he go in,” and also the prohibition “He shall not defile himself” (NC).

384. That the High Kohein shall marry a virgin (Lev. 21:13) (AC).

385. That the High Kohein shall not marry a widow (Lev. 21:14) (NC).

386. That the High Kohein shall not cohabit with a widow, even without marriage, because he profanes her (Lev. 21:15) (NC).

387. That a person with a physical blemish shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Lev. 21:17) (NC).

388. That a kohein with a temporary blemish shall not serve there (Lev. 21:21) (NC).

389. That a person with a physical blemish shall not enter the Sanctuary further than the altar (Lev. 21:23) (NC).

390. That a kohein who is unclean shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Lev. 22:2-3) (NC).

391. To send the unclean out of the Camp of the Shechinah, that is, out of the Sanctuary (Num. 5:2) (AC).

392. That a kohein who is unclean shall not enter the courtyard (Num. 5:2-3) This refers to the Camp of the Shechinah (NC).

393. That the kohanim shall bless Israel (Num. 6:23) (AC-58).

394. To set apart a portion of the dough for the kohein (Num. 15:20) (AC-57).

395. That the Levites shall not occupy themselves with the service that belongs to the kohanim, nor the kohanim with that belonging to the Levites (Num. 18:3) (NC).

396. That one not a descendant of Aaron in the male line shall not serve (in the Sanctuary) (Num. 18:4-7) (NC).

397. That the Levite shall serve in the Sanctuary (Num. 18:23) (AC).

398. To give the Levites cities to dwell in, these to serve also as cities of refuge (Num. 35:2) (AC).

399. That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any portion of territory in the land (of Israel) (Deut. 18:1) (NC).

400. That none of the tribe of Levi shall take any share of the spoil (at the conquest of the Promised Land) (Deut. 18:1) (NC).

401. That the kohanim shall serve in the Sanctuary in divisions, but on festivals, they all serve together (Deut. 18:6-8) (AC).

Back to Index


T’rumah, Tithes, and Taxes

402. That an uncircumcised person shall not eat of the t’rumah (heave offering), and the same applies to other holy things. This rule is inferred from the law of the Paschal offering, by similarity of phrase (Ex. 12:44-45 and Lev. 22:10) but it is not explicitly set forth in the Torah. Traditionally, it has been learnt that the rule that the uncircumcised must not eat holy things is an essential principle of the Torah and not an enactment of the Scribes (NC).

403. Not to alter the order of separating the t’rumah and the tithes; the separation be in the order first-fruits at the beginning, then the t’rumah, then the first tithe, and last the second tithe (Ex. 22:28) (NC) (IC-19).

404. To give half a shekel every year (to the Sanctuary for provision of the public sacrifices) (Ex. 30:13) (AC).

405. That a kohein who is unclean shall not eat of the t’rumah (Lev. 22:3-4) (NC).

406. That a person who is not a kohein or the wife or unmarried daughter of a kohein shall not eat of the t’rumah (Lev. 22:10) (NC).

407. That a sojourner with a kohein or his hired servant shall not eat of the t’rumah (Lev. 22:10) (NC).

408. Not to eat tevel (something from which the t’rumah and tithe have not yet been separated) (Lev. 22:15) (NC) (IC-18).

409. To set apart the tithe of the produce (one tenth of the produce after taking out t’rumah) for the Levites (Lev. 27:30; Num. 18:24) (AC) (IC-12).

410. To tithe cattle (Lev. 27:32) (AC).

411. Not to sell the tithe of the herd (Lev. 27:32-33) (NC).

412. That the Levites shall set apart a tenth of the tithes, which they had received from the Israelites, and give it to the kohanim (called the t’rumah of the tithe) (Num. 18:26) (AC) (IC-13).

413. Not to eat the second tithe of cereals outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (NC).

414. Not to consume the second tithe of the vintage outside of Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (NC).

415. Not to consume the second tithe of the oil outside of Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (NC).

416. Not to forsake the Levites (Deut. 12:19); but their gifts (dues) should be given to them, so that they might rejoice therewith on each and every festival (NC).

416. To set apart the second tithe in the first, second, fourth and fifth years of the sabbatical cycle to be eaten by its owner in Jerusalem (Deut. 14:22) (AC) (IC-14) (today, it is set aside but not eaten in Jerusalem).

418. To set apart the second tithe in the third and sixth year of the sabbatical cycle for the poor (Deut. 14:28-29) (AC) (IC-15) (today, it must be separated out but need not be given to the poor).

419. To give the kohein the due portions of the carcass of cattle (Deut. 18:3) (according to the Talmud, this is not mandatory in the present outside of Israel, but it is permissible, and some observant people do so) (AC-51).

420. To give the first of the fleece to the kohein (Deut. 18:4) (according to the Talmud, this is not mandatory in the present outside of Israel, but it is permissible, and some observant people do so) (AC-52).

421. To set apart t’rumah g’dolah (the great heave-offering, that is, a small portion of the grain, wine and oil) for the kohein (Deut. 18:4) (AC) (IC-11).

422. Not to expend the proceeds of the second tithe on anything but food and drink (Deut. 26:14). Anything outside of things necessary for sustenance comes within the class in the phrase “Given for the dead” (NC).

423. Not to eat the Second Tithe, even in Jerusalem, in a state of uncleanness, until the tithe had been redeemed (Deut. 26:14) (NC).

424. Not to eat the Second Tithe, when mourning (Deut. 26:14) (NC).

425. To make the declaration, when bringing the second tithe to the Sanctuary (Deut. 26:13) (AC) (IC-17).

Back to Index


The Temple, the Sanctuary and Sacred Objects

426. Not to build an altar of hewn stone (Ex. 20:22) (NC).

427. Not to mount the altar by steps (Ex. 20:23) (NC).

428. To build the Sanctuary (Ex. 25:8) (AC).

429. Not to remove the staves from the Ark (Ex. 25:15) (NC).

430. To set the showbread and the frankincense before the L-rd every Shabbat (Ex. 25:30) (AC).

431. To kindle lights in the Sanctuary (Ex. 27:21) (AC).

432. That the breastplate shall not be loosened from the ephod (Ex. 28:28) (NC).

433. To offer up incense twice daily (Ex. 30:7) (AC).

434. Not to offer strange incense nor any sacrifice upon the golden altar (Ex. 30:9) (NC).

435. That the kohein shall wash his hands and feet at the time of service (Ex. 30:19) (AC).

436. To prepare the oil of anointment and anoint high kohanim and kings with it (Ex. 30:31) (AC).

437. Not to compound oil for lay use after the formula of the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32-33) (NC-145).

438. Not to anoint a stranger with the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32) (NC).

439. Not to compound anything after the formula of the incense (Ex. 30:37) (NC-146).

440. That he who, in error, makes unlawful use of sacred things, shall make restitution of the value of his trespass and add a fifth (Lev. 5:16) (AC).

441. To remove the ashes from the altar (Lev. 6:3) (AC).

442. To keep fire always burning on the altar of the burnt-offering (Lev. 6:6) (AC).

443. Not to extinguish the fire on the altar (Lev. 6:6) (NC).

444. That a kohein shall not enter the Sanctuary with disheveled hair (Lev. 10:6) (NC).

445. That a kohein shall not enter the Sanctuary with torn garments (Lev. 10:6) (NC).

446. That the kohein shall not leave the Courtyard of the Sanctuary, during service (Lev. 10:7) (NC).

447. That an intoxicated person shall not enter the Sanctuary nor give decisions in matters of the Law (Lev. 10:9-11) (NC).

448. To revere the Sanctuary (Lev. 19:30) (today, this applies to synagogues) (AC-18).

449. That when the Ark is carried, it should be carried on the shoulder (Num. 7:9) (AC).

450. To observe the second Passover (Num. 9:11) (AC).

451. To eat the flesh of the Paschal lamb on it, with unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Num. 9:11) (AC).

452. Not to leave any flesh of the Paschal lamb brought on the second Passover until the morning (Num. 9:12) (NC).

453. Not to break a bone of the Paschal lamb brought on the second Passover (Num. 9:12) (NC).

454. To sound the trumpets at the offering of sacrifices and in times of trouble (Num. 10:9-10) (AC).

455. To watch over the edifice continually (Num. 18:2) (AC).

456. Not to allow the Sanctuary to remain unwatched (Num. 18:5) (NC).

457. That an offering shall be brought by one who has in error committed a trespass against sacred things, or robbed, or lain carnally with a bond-maid betrothed to a man, or denied what was deposited with him and swore falsely to support his denial. This is called a guilt-offering for a known trespass (AC).

458. Not to destroy anything of the Sanctuary, of synagogues, or of houses of study, nor erase the holy names (of God); nor may sacred scriptures be destroyed (Deut. 12:2-4) (NC-157).

Back to Index


Sacrifices and Offerings

459. To sanctify the firstling of clean cattle and offer it up (Ex. 13:2; Deut. 15:19) (at the present time, it is not offered up) (AC-53).

460. To slay the Paschal lamb (Ex. 12:6) (AC).

461. To eat the flesh of the Paschal sacrifice on the night of the fifteenth of Nissan (Ex. 12:8) (AC).

462. Not to eat the flesh of the Paschal lamb raw or sodden (Ex. 12:9) (NC).

463. Not to leave any portion of the flesh of the Paschal sacrifice until the morning unconsumed (Ex. 12:10) (NC).

464. Not to give the flesh of the Paschal lamb to an Israelite who had become an apostate (Ex. 12:43) (NC).

465. Not to give flesh of the Paschal lamb to a stranger who lives among you to eat (Ex. 12:45) (NC).

466. Not to take any of the flesh of the Paschal lamb from the company’s place of assembly (Ex. 12:46) (NC).

467. Not to break a bone of the Paschal lamb (Ex. 12:46) (NC).

468. That the uncircumcised shall not eat of the flesh of the Paschal lamb (Ex. 12:48) (NC).

469. Not to slaughter the Paschal lamb while there is chametz in the home (Ex. 23:18; Ex. 24:25) (NC).

470. Not to leave the part of the Paschal lamb that should be burnt on the altar until the morning, when it will no longer be fit to be burnt (Ex. 23:18; Ex. 24:25) (NC).

471. Not to go up to the Sanctuary for the festival without bringing an offering (Ex. 23:15) (NC).

472. To bring the first fruits to the Sanctuary (Ex. 23:19) (AC).

473. That the flesh of a sin-offering and guilt-offering shall be eaten (Ex. 29:33) (AC).

474. That one not of the seed of Aaron, shall not eat the flesh of the holy sacrifices (Ex. 29:33) (NC).

475. To observe the procedure of the burnt-offering (Lev. 1:3) (AC).

476. To observe the procedure of the meal-offering (Lev. 2:1) (AC).

477. Not to offer up leaven or honey (Lev. 2:11) (NC).

478. That every sacrifice be salted (Lev. 2:13) (AC).

479. Not to offer up any offering unsalted (Lev. 2:13) (NC).

480. That the Court of Judgment shall offer up a sacrifice if they have erred in a judicial pronouncement (Lev. 4:13) (AC).

481. That an individual shall bring a sin-offering if he has sinned in error by committing a transgression, the conscious violation of which is punished with excision (Lev. 4:27-28) (AC).

482. To offer a sacrifice of varying value in accordance with one’s means (Lev. 5:7) (AC).

483. Not to sever completely the head of a fowl brought as a sin-offering (Lev. 5:8) (NC).

484. Not to put olive oil in a sin-offering made of flour (Lev. 5:11) (NC).

485. Not to put frankincense on a sin-offering made of flour (Lev. 5:11) (NC).

486. That an individual shall bring an offering if he is in doubt as to whether he has committed a sin for which one has to bring a sin-offering. This is called a guilt-offering for doubtful sins (Lev. 5:17-19) (AC).

487. That the remainder of the meal offerings shall be eaten (Lev. 6:9) (AC).

488. Not to allow the remainder of the meal offerings to become leavened (Lev. 6:10) (NC).

489. That the High Kohein shall offer a meal offering daily (Lev. 6:13) (AC).

490. Not to eat of the meal offering brought by the kohanim (Lev. 6:16) (NC).

491. To observe the procedure of the sin-offering (Lev. 6:18) (AC).

492. Not to eat of the flesh of sin offerings, the blood of which is brought within the Sanctuary and sprinkled towards the Veil (Lev. 6:23) (NC).

493. To observe the procedure of the guilt-offering (Lev. 7:1) (AC).

494. To observe the procedure of the peace-offering (Lev. 7:11) (AC).

495. To burn meat of the holy sacrifice that has remained over (Lev. 7:17) (AC).

496. Not to eat of sacrifices that are eaten beyond the appointed time for eating them (Lev. 7:18) The penalty is excision (NC).

497. Not to eat of holy things that have become unclean (Lev. 7:19) (NC).

498. To burn meat of the holy sacrifice that has become unclean (Lev. 7:19) (AC).

499. That a person who is unclean shall not eat of things that are holy (Lev. 7:20) (NC).

500. A kohein’s daughter who profaned herself shall not eat of the holy things, neither of the heave offering nor of the breast, nor of the shoulder of peace offerings (Lev. 10:14, Lev. 22:12) (NC).

501. That a woman after childbirth shall bring an offering when she is clean (Lev. 12:6) (AC). SeeBirth.

502. That the leper shall bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed (Lev. 14:10) (AC).

503. That a man having an issue shall bring a sacrifice after he is cleansed of his issue (Lev. 15:13-15) (AC).

504. That a woman having an issue shall bring a sacrifice after she is cleansed of her issue (Lev. 15:28-30) (AC).

505. To observe, on Yom Kippur, the service appointed for that day, regarding the sacrifice, confessions, sending away of the scapegoat, etc. (Lev. 16:3-34) (AC).

506. Not to slaughter beasts set apart for sacrifices outside (the Sanctuary) (Lev. 17:3-4) (NC).

507. Not to eat flesh of a sacrifice that has been left over (beyond the time appointed for its consumption) (Lev. 19:8) (NC).

508. Not to sanctify blemished cattle for sacrifice on the altar (Lev. 22:20) This text prohibits such beasts being set apart for sacrifice on the altar (NC).

509. That every animal offered up shall be without blemish (Lev. 22:21) (AC).

510. Not to inflict a blemish on cattle set apart for sacrifice (Lev. 22:21) (NC).

511. Not to slaughter blemished cattle as sacrifices (Lev. 22:22) (NC).

512. Not to burn the limbs of blemished cattle upon the altar (Lev. 22:22) (NC).

513. Not to sprinkle the blood of blemished cattle upon the altar (Lev. 22:24) (NC).

514. Not to offer up a blemished beast that comes from non-Israelites (Lev. 22:25) (NC).

515. That sacrifices of cattle can only take place when they are at least eight days old (Lev. 22:27) (AC).

516. Not to leave any flesh of the thanksgiving offering until the morning (Lev. 22:30) (NC).

517. To offer up the meal-offering of the Omer on the morrow after the first day of Passover, together with one lamb (Lev. 23:10) (AC).

518. Not to eat bread made of new grain before the Omer of barley has been offered up on the second day of Passover (Lev. 23:14) (NC-101).

519. Not to eat roasted grain of the new produce before that time (Lev. 23:14) (NC-102).

520. Not to eat fresh ears of the new grain before that time (Lev. 23:14) (NC-103).

521. To bring on Shavu’ot loaves of bread together with the sacrifices which are then offered up in connection with the loaves (Lev. 23:17-20) (AC).

522. To offer up an additional sacrifice on Passover (Lev. 23:36) (AC).

523. That one who vows to the L-rd the monetary value of a person shall pay the amount appointed in the Scriptural portion (Lev. 27:2-8) (AC).

524. If a beast is exchanged for one that had been set apart as an offering, both become sacred (Lev. 27:10) (AC).

525. Not to exchange a beast set aside for sacrifice (Lev. 27:10) (NC).

526. That one who vows to the L-rd the monetary value of an unclean beast shall pay its value (Lev. 27:11-13) (AC).

527. That one who vows the value of his house shall pay according to the appraisal of the kohein (Lev. 27:11-13) (AC).

528. That one who sanctifies to the L-rd a portion of his field shall pay according to the estimation appointed in the Scriptural portion (Lev. 27:16-24) (AC).

529. Not to transfer a beast set apart for sacrifice from one class of sacrifices to another (Lev. 27:26) (NC).

530. To decide in regard to dedicated property as to which is sacred to the Lord and which belongs to the kohein (Lev. 27:28) (AC).

531. Not to sell a field devoted to the Lord (Lev. 27:28) (NC).

532. Not to redeem a field devoted to the Lord (Lev. 27:28) (NC).

533. To make confession before the L-rd of any sin that one has committed, when bringing a sacrifice and at other times (Num. 5:6-7) (AC-33).

534. Not to put olive oil in the meal-offering of a woman suspected of adultery (Num. 5:15) (NC).

535. Not to put frankincense on it (Num. 5:15) (NC).

536. To offer up the regular sacrifices daily (two lambs as burnt offerings) (Num. 28:3) (AC).

537. To offer up an additional sacrifice every Shabbat (two lambs) (Num. 28:9) (AC).

538. To offer up an additional sacrifice every New Moon (Num. 28:11) (AC).

539. To bring an additional offering on Shavu’ot (Num. 28:26-27) (AC).

540. To offer up an additional sacrifice on Rosh Hashanah (Num. 29:1-6) (AC).

541. To offer up an additional sacrifice on Yom Kippur (Num. 29:7-8) (AC).

542. To offer up an additional sacrifice on Sukkot (Num. 29:12-34) (AC).

543. To offer up an additional offering on Shemini Atzeret, which is a festival by itself (Num. 29:35-38) (AC).

544. To bring all offerings, whether obligatory or freewill, on the first festival after these were incurred (Deut. 12:5-6) (AC).

545. Not to offer up sacrifices outside (the Sanctuary) (Deut. 12:13) (NC).

546. To offer all sacrifices in the Sanctuary (Deut. 12:14) (AC).

547. To redeem cattle set apart for sacrifices that contracted disqualifying blemishes, after which they may be eaten by anyone. (Deut. 12:15) (AC).

548. Not to eat of the unblemished firstling outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17) (NC).

549. Not to eat the flesh of the burnt-offering (Deut. 12:17). This is a Prohibition applying to every trespasser, not to enjoy any of the holy things. If he does so, he commits a trespass (NC).

550. That the kohanim shall not eat the flesh of the sin-offering or guilt-offering outside the Courtyard (of the Sanctuary) (Deut. 12:17) (NC).

551. Not to eat of the flesh of the sacrifices that are holy in a minor degree, before the blood has been sprinkled (on the altar), (Deut. 12:17) (NC).

552. That the kohein shall not eat the first-fruits before they are set down in the Courtyard (of the Sanctuary) (Deut. 12:17) (NC).

553. To take trouble to bring sacrifices to the Sanctuary from places outside the land of Israel (Deut. 12:26) (AC).

554. Not to eat the flesh of beasts set apart as sacrifices, that have been rendered unfit to be offered up by deliberately inflicted blemish (Deut. 14:3) (NC).

555. Not to do work with cattle set apart for sacrifice (Deut. 15:19) (NC).

556. Not to shear beasts set apart for sacrifice (Deut. 15:19) (NC).

557. Not to leave any portion of the festival offering brought on the fourteenth of Nissan unto the third day (Deut. 16:4) (NC).

558. Not to offer up a beast that has a temporary blemish (Deut. 17:1) (NC).

559. Not to bring sacrifices out of the hire of a harlot or price of a dog (apparently a euphemism for sodomy) (Deut. 23:19) (NC).

560. To read the portion prescribed on bringing the first fruits (Deut. 26:5-10) (AC).

Back to Index


Ritual Purity and Impurity

561. That eight species of creeping things defile by contact (Lev. 11:29-30) (AC).

562. That foods become defiled by contact with unclean things (Lev. 11:34) (AC).

563. That anyone who touches the carcass of a beast that died of itself shall be unclean (Lev. 11:39) (AC).

564. That a lying-in woman is unclean like a menstruating woman (in terms of uncleanness) (Lev. 12:2-5) (AC).

565. That a leper is unclean and defiles (Lev. 13:2-46) (AC).

566. That the leper shall be universally recognized as such by the prescribed marks. So too, all other unclean persons should declare themselves as such (Lev. 13:45) (AC).

567. That a leprous garment is unclean and defiles (Lev. 13:47-49) (AC).

568. That a leprous house defiles (Lev. 14:34-46) (AC).

569. That a man, having a running issue, defiles (Lev. 15:1-15) (AC).

570. That the seed of copulation defiles (Lev. 15:16) (AC).

571. That purification from all kinds of defilement shall be effected by immersion in the waters of a mikvah (Lev. 15:16) (AC).

572. That a menstruating woman is unclean and defiles others (Lev. 15:19-24) (AC).

573. That a woman, having a running issue, defiles (Lev. 15:25-27) (AC).

574. To carry out the ordinance of the Red Heifer so that its ashes will always be available (Num. 19:9) (AC).

575. That a corpse defiles (Num. 19:11-16) (AC).

576. That the waters of separation defile one who is clean, and cleanse the unclean from pollution by a dead body (Num. 19:19-22) (AC).

Back to Index


Lepers and Leprosy

577. Not to drove off the hair of the scall (Lev. 13:33) (NC).

578. That the procedure of cleansing leprosy, whether of a man or of a house, takes place with cedar-wood, hyssop, scarlet thread, two birds, and running water (Lev. 14:1-7) (AC).

579. That the leper shall shave all his hair (Lev. 14:9) (AC).

580. Not to pluck out the marks of leprosy (Deut. 24:8) (NC).

Back to Index


The King

581. Not to curse a ruler, that is, the King or the head of the College in the land of Israel (Ex. 22:27) (NC).

582. To appoint a king (Deut. 17:15) (AC).

583. Not to appoint as ruler over Israel, one who comes from non-Israelites (Deut. 17:15) (NC).

584. That the King shall not acquire an excessive number of horses (Deut. 17:16) (NC).

585. That the King shall not take an excessive number of wives (Deut. 17:17) (NC).

586. That he shall not accumulate an excessive quantity of gold and silver (Deut. 17:17) (NC).

587. That the King shall write a scroll of the Torah for himself, in addition to the one that every person should write, so that he writes two scrolls (Deut. 17:18) (AC).

Back to Index


Nazarites

588. That a Nazarite shall not drink wine, or anything mixed with wine which tastes like wine; and even if the wine or the mixture has turned sour, it is prohibited to him (Num. 6:3) (NC).

589. That he shall not eat fresh grapes (Num. 6:3) (NC).

590. That he shall not eat dried grapes (raisins) (Num. 6:3) (NC).

591. That he shall not eat the kernels of the grapes (Num. 6:4) (NC).

592. That he shall not eat of the skins of the grapes (Num. 6:4) (NC).

593. That the Nazarite shall permit his hair to grow (Num. 6:5) (AC).

594. That the Nazarite shall not cut his hair (Num. 6:5) (NC).

595. That he shall not enter any covered structure where there is a dead body (Num. 6:6) (NC).

596. That a Nazarite shall not defile himself for any dead person (by being in the presence of the corpse) (Num. 6:7) (NC).

597. That the Nazarite shall shave his hair when he brings his offerings at the completion of the period of his Nazariteship, or within that period if he has become defiled (Num. 6:9) (AC).

Back to Index


Wars

598. That those engaged in warfare shall not fear their enemies nor be panic-stricken by them during battle (Deut. 3:22, 7:21, 20:3) (NC).

599. To anoint a special kohein (to speak to the soldiers) in a war (Deut. 20:2) (AC).

600. In a permissive war (as distinguished from obligatory ones), to observe the procedure prescribed in the Torah (Deut. 20:10) (AC).

601. Not to keep alive any individual of the seven Canaanite nations (Deut. 20:16) (NC).

602. To exterminate the seven Canaanite nations from the land of Israel (Deut. 20:17) (AC).

603. Not to destroy fruit trees (wantonly or in warfare) (Deut. 20:19-20) (NC-191).

604. To deal with a beautiful woman taken captive in war in the manner prescribed in the Torah (Deut. 21:10-14) (AC).

605. Not to sell a beautiful woman, (taken captive in war) (Deut. 21:14) (NC).

606. Not to degrade a beautiful woman (taken captive in war) to the condition of a bondwoman (Deut. 21:14) (NC).

607. Not to offer peace to the Ammonites and the Moabites before waging war on them, as should be done to other nations (Deut. 23:7) (NC).

608. That anyone who is unclean shall not enter the Camp of the Levites (Deut. 23:11) (according to the Talmud, in the present day this means the Temple mount) (NC-193).

609. To have a place outside the camp for sanitary purposes (Deut. 23:13) (AC).

610. To keep that place sanitary (Deut. 23:14-15) (AC).

611. Always to remember what Amalek did (Deut. 25:17) (AC-76).

612. That the evil done to us by Amalek shall not be forgotten (Deut. 25:19) (NC-194).

613. To destroy the seed of Amalek (Deut. 25:19) (AC-77).

Back to Index

____________

130. This holy day is never called Rosh Hashanah in the Scriptures. It is more accurately called Yom Teruah, the Day of the Shofar Blast. [MORE INFO]   [RETURN]

157a. Shechita is the Jewish religious and humane method of slaughtering permitted animals and poultry for food. It is the only method of producing kosher meat and poultry allowed by Jewish law. [RETURN]

157b. The phrase as I have commanded you does not appear in all translations.

164. Please note that the Torah says absolutely nothing about eating meat and dairy together. The clear mitzvah is to not boil a young animal in it’s mother’s milk. [RETURN]

Revised on Sunday, 10 January 2016 10:30 AM

Page last updated on Saturday, 27 August 2016 04:33 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes after May 3, 2015 are identified as "Revisions”)