Baptism:
Glossary

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Baptism The Biblical Doctrine Of
Believers’ Baptism

by
Dr. Ari Levitt-Sawyer

ywl !B yra

ThM, ThD, DMin, MA, MBA, CNHP

Introduction and Contents • Lesson 1 • Lesson 2 • Lesson 3 • Lesson 4 • Glossary • Appendix

Glossary

Since the Biblical Hebrew alphabet contains no capital letters and no vowels, writers transliterate Hebrew words phonetically the way the words sound to the ear of the writer in his/her native language. Thus one will find a rather wide variation in the spelling of transliterated Hebrew words.

Adon !wda, Adonai (our Lord)
Hebrew for “lord“ or “master”; sometimes just “sir.” Used by most Jewish and Messianic people as a “placeholder” for the Sacred Name (hwhy — yud-hey-vav-hey, YHWH, the “Covenant-and-Relationship” Name for God to avoid mispronouncing or misspelling it (taking His Name in vain). When used as God’s Name it is displayed in all caps (ADONAI) or small caps (ADONAI) and it is usually represented in most English Bibles as LORD or LORD.
 
Apostolic Writings or Apostolic Scriptures
The collected writings of the Apostles of Yeshua, erroneously rererred to as the “New Testament”
 
barukh $rb
blessed, happy
 
ben !b (pl, benai)
son
 
ecclesia ekklesia
Greek translation of the Hebrew word miqra (arqm), falsely translated in the English version of the Apostolic Scriptures (the so-called “New Testament”) as “church” [see footnote]
 
Eloah hhwla
God (His title, not His name); Elohenu (our God)
 
Elohim ~yhla
the “Creator-and-Judge-and-Ruler” name for G-d. Also
  1. (plural)
    1. rulers, judges
    2. divine ones
    3. angels
    4. gods
  2. (plural intensive - singular meaning)
    1. god, goddess
    2. godlike one
    3. works or special possessions of God
    4. the (true) God
    5. God
       
Eretz Yisrael larXy #ra
the Land of Israel
 
G-d
written designation for the Most High;  this designation is used by Jewish writers when referring to the G0d of the Bible to distinguish reference to Him from reference to all of the false gods of the world religions;  the Rabbis taught that this word, once written, must never be erased;  since every word on the screen is effectively “erased” as soon as you leave this page, this tradition is used extensively on the Internet
 
ha [h
the Hebrew definite article “the”
 
HaMelech Yeshua HaMashiach  xyXm[h h[wXy $lm[h
the Lord [literally “King”] Yeshua the Messiah
 
ha-olam  ~lw[h
the cosmos, the universe, the world, literally “the everything”
 
HaShem  ~X[h
“The Name” — a designation for God which avoids saying His Sacred Name
 
kodesh Xdq
holy; Holy Place — the area of the Tabernacle/Temple between the inner court and the Holiest Place
 
mashiach, moshiach  xyXm
anointed;  HaMashiach xyXm[h: the Anointed One, Messiah;  the Jews anointed three classes of people: prophets, priests, and kings — Yeshua is all three
 
melech  $lm
king, lord, ruler, potentate, sovereign
 
mikvah hwqm
the pool of “living water” in which ritual immersion is performed; the act of immersing ones self in that pool; a reservoir (see tevilah)
 
miqra arqm
convocation, convoking, reading, a calling together
  1. convocation, sacred assembly
  2. convoking
  3. reading
arqm[h haMiqra; the Elect, or Called-Out [see ecclesia]
 
Moshe hXm
Hebrew name transliterated as Moses (“drawn”); the prophet and lawgiver, leader of the exodus; the one through whom Yeshua gave His Torah to humanity
 
ruach xwr
breath, spirit, wind, mind
 
Ruach HaKodesh  Xdq[h xwr
the Holy Spirit
 
Sha’ul lwaX
Hebrew name transliterated as Saul; the name of the first king of Israel; Shiliach Sha’ul is the Apostle Paul, sometimes considere “the Apostle to the gentiles”
 
shaliach (pl. shaliachim)  שָלִיחַ‎;  שְלִיחִים
apostle, apostles
 
Shimon Kefa; Shimeon Kefa
Hebrew name translated as Simon Peter
 
talmid (pl. talmidim)  תלמיד  ~yתלמיד
one who is taught, student, disciple
 
Tanakh knt (alt. Tanach or Tenakh
an acronym (TNK) for the three divisions of the Hebrew Bible; Torah (Instruction), Nevi’im (Prophets), and K’tuvim (Writings)
 
tevilah טְבִילָה
a full body immersion in a mikvah, baptism
 
Torah hrwt
teaching, the Law;  variously used to signify (a) the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures written by Moshe, (b) the entire body of Hebrew Scriptures (the so-called “Old Testament” — this is the sense in which Yeshua usually used the word), or (c) the lifestyle that is to be lived by an observant Jew, including the teachings of the Rabbis.
 
Vitzi-Vanu
He Who has commanded us
 
Yehudah hdwhy
praised; Hebrew name transliterated as Judah or Judas
 
Yeshua h[wXy
salvation; true name of the Messiah erroneously rendered as “Jesus” in the English “New Testament”
 
Yochanan
Hebrew name transliterated as John
 
Yosef @owy
Hebrew name transliterated as Joseph (“God has added”)

Extended Hebrew Glossary

Page last updated on Saturday, 27 August 2016 04:31 PM
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