In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
[24.1] (This is) a chapter which We have revealed and made
obligatory and in which We have revealed clear communications that you may be
[24.2] (As for) the fornicatress and the fornicator, flog each of
them, (giving) a hundred stripes, and let not pity for them detain you in the
matter of obedience to Allah, if you believe in Allah and the last day, and
let a party of believers witness their chastisement.
[24.3] The fornicator shall not marry any but a fornicatress or
idolatress, and (as for) the fornicatress, none shall marry her but a
fornicator or an idolater; and it is forbidden to the believers.
[24.4] And those who accuse free women then do not bring four
witnesses, flog them, (giving) eighty stripes, and do not admit any evidence
from them ever; and these it is that are the transgressors,
[24.5] Except those who repent after this and act aright, for
surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.6] And (as for) those who accuse their wives and have no
witnesses except themselves, the evidence of one of these (should be taken)
four times, bearing Allah to witness that he is most surely of the truthful
[24.7] And the fifth (time) that the curse of Allah be on him if he
is one of the liars.
[24.8] And it shall avert the chastisement from her if she testify
four times, bearing Allah to witness that he is most surely one of the liars;
[24.9] And the fifth (time) that the wrath of Allah be on her if he
is one of the truthful.
[24.10] And were it not for Allah's grace upon you and His mercy--
and that Allah is Oft-returning (to mercy), Wise!
[24.11] Surely they who concocted the lie are a party from among
you. Do not regard it an evil to you; nay, it is good for you. Every man of
them shall have what he has earned of sin; and (as for) him who took upon
himself the main part thereof, he shall have a grievous chastisement.
[24.12] Why did not the believing men and the believing women, when
you heard it, think well of their own people, and say: This is an evident
[24.13] Why did they not bring four witnesses of it? But as they
have not brought witnesses they are liars before Allah.
[24.14] And were it not for Allah's grace upon you and His mercy in
this world and the hereafter, a grievous chastisement would certainly have
touched you on account of the discourse which you entered into.
[24.15] When you received it with your tongues and spoke with your
mouths what you had no knowledge of, and you deemed it an easy matter while
with Allah it was grievous.
[24.16] And why did you not, when you heard it, say: It does not
beseem us that we should talk of it; glory be to Thee! this is a great
[24.17] Allah admonishes you that you should not return to the like
of it ever again if you are believers.
[24.18] And Allah makes clear to you the communications; and Allah
is Knowing, Wise.
[24.19] Surely (as for) those who love that scandal should
circulate respecting those who believe, they shall have a grievous
chastisement in this world and the hereafter; and Allah knows, while you do
[24.20] And were it not for Allah's grace on you and His mercy, and
that Allah is Compassionate, Merciful.
[24.21] O you who believe! do not follow the footsteps of the
Shaitan, and whoever follows the footsteps of the Shaitan, then surely he
bids the doing of indecency and evil; and were it not for Allah's grace upon
you and His mercy, not one of you would have ever been pure, but Allah
purifies whom He pleases; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[24.22] And let not those of you who possess grace and abundance
swear against giving to the near of kin and the poor and those who have fled
in Allah's way, and they should pardon and turn away. Do you not love that
Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.23] Surely those who accuse chaste believing women, unaware (of
the evil), are cursed in this world and the hereafter, and they shall have a
[24.24] On the day when their tongues and their hands and their
feet shall bear witness against them as to what they did.
[24.25] On that day Allah will pay back to them in full their just
reward, and they shall know that Allah is the evident Truth.
[24.26] Bad women .are for bad men and bad men are for bad women.
Good women are for good men and good men are for good women
[24.27] O you who believe! Do not enter houses other than your own
houses until you have asked permission and saluted their inmates; this is
better for you, that you may be mindful.
[24.28] But if you do not find any one therein, then do not enter
them until permission is given to you; and if it is said to you: Go back,
then go back; this is purer for you; and Allah is Cognizant of what you do.
[24.29] It is no sin in you that you enter uninhabited houses
wherein you have your necessaries; and Allah knows what you do openly and
what you hide.
[24.30] Say to the believing men that they cast down their looks
and guard their private parts; that is purer for them; surely Allah is Aware
of what they do.
[24.31] And say to the believing women that they cast down their
looks and guard their private parts and do not display their ornaments except
what appears thereof, and let them wear their head-coverings over their
bosoms, and not display their ornaments except to their husbands or their
fathers, or the fathers of their husbands, or their sons, or the sons of
their husbands, or their brothers, or their brothers' sons, or their sisters'
sons, or their women, or those whom their right hands possess, or the male
servants not having need (of women), or the children who have not attained
knowledge of what is hidden of women; and let them not strike their feet so
that what they hide of their ornaments may be known; and turn to Allah all of
you, O believers! so that you may be successful.
[24.32] And marry those among you who are single and those who are
fit among your male slaves and your female slaves; if they are needy, Allah
will make them free from want out of His grace; and Allah is Ample-giving,
[24.33] And let those who do not find the means to marry keep
chaste until Allah makes them free from want out of His grace. And (as for)
those who ask for a writing from among those whom your right hands possess,
give them the writing if you know any good in them, and give them of the
wealth of Allah which He has given you; and do not compel your slave girls to
prostitution, when they desire to keep chaste, in order to seek the frail
good of this world's life; and whoever compels them, then surely after their
compulsion Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.34] And certainly We have sent to you clear communications and
a description of those who have passed away before you, and an admonition to
those who guard (against evil).
[24.35] Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth; a likeness
of His light is as a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp is in a glass, (and)
the glass is as it were a brightly shining star, lit from a blessed
olive-tree, neither eastern nor western, the oil whereof almost gives light
though fire touch it not-- light upon light-- Allah guides to His light whom
He pleases, and Allah sets forth parables for men, and Allah is Cognizant of
[24.36] In houses which Allah has permitted to be exalted and that
His name may be remembered in them; there glorify Him therein in the mornings
and the evenings,
[24.37] Men whom neither merchandise nor selling diverts from the
remembrance of Allah and the keeping up of prayer and the giving of
poor-rate; they fear a day in which the hearts and eyes shall turn about;
[24.38] That Allah may give them the best reward of what they have
done, and give them more out of His grace; and Allah gives sustenance to whom
He pleases without measure.
[24.39] And (as for) those who disbelieve, their deeds are like the
mirage in a desert, which the thirsty man deems to be water; until when he
comes to it he finds it to be naught, and there he finds Allah, so He pays
back to him his reckoning in full; and Allah is quick in reckoning;
[24.40] Or like utter darkness in the deep sea: there covers it a
wave above which is another wave, above which is a cloud, (layers of) utter
darkness one above another; when he holds out his hand, he is almost unable
to see it; and to whomsoever Allah does not give light, he has no light.
[24.41] Do you not see that Allah is He Whom do glorify all those
who are in the heavens and the earth, and the (very) birds with expanded
wings? He knows the prayer of each one and its glorification, and Allah is
Cognizant of what they do.
[24.42] And Allah's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth,
and to Allah is the eventual coming.
[24.43] Do you not see that Allah drives along the clouds, then
gathers them together, then piles them up, so that you see the rain coming
forth from their midst? And He sends down of the clouds that are (like)
mountains wherein is hail, afflicting therewith whom He pleases and turning
it away from whom He pleases; the flash of His lightning almost takes away
[24.44] Allah turns over the night and the day; most surely there
is a lesson in this for those who have sight.
[24.45] And Allah has created from water every living creature: so
of them is that which walks upon its belly, and of them is that which walks
upon two feet, and of them is that which walks upon four; Allah creates what
He pleases; surely Allah has power over all things.
[24.46] Certainly We have revealed clear communications, and Allah
guides whom He pleases to the right way.
[24.47] And they say: We believe in Allah and in the apostle and we
obey; then a party of them turn back after this, and these are not believers.
[24.48] And when they are called to Allah and His Apostle that he
may judge between them, lo! a party of them turn aside.
[24.49] And if the truth be on their side, they come to him
[24.50] Is there in their hearts a disease, or are they in doubt,
or do they fear that Allah and His Apostle will act wrongfully towards them?
Nay! they themselves are the unjust.
[24.51] The response of the believers, when they are invited to
Allah and His Apostle that he may judge between them, is only to say: We hear
and we obey; and these it is that are the successful.
[24.52] And he who obeys Allah and His Apostle, and fears Allah,
and is careful of (his duty to) Him, these it is that are the achievers.
[24.53] And they swear by Allah with the most energetic of their
oaths that if you command them they would certainly go forth. Say: Swear not;
reasonable obedience (is desired); surely Allah is aware of what you do.
[24.54] Say: Obey Allah and obey the Apostle; but if you turn back,
then on him rests that which is imposed on him and on you rests that which is
imposed on you; and if you obey him, you are on the right way; and nothing
rests on the Apostle but clear delivering (of the message).
[24.55] Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good
that He will most certainly make them rulers in the earth as He made rulers
those before them, and that He will most certainly establish for them their
religion which He has chosen for them, and that He will most certainly, after
their fear, give them security in exchange; they shall serve Me, not
associating aught with Me; and whoever is ungrateful after this, these it is
who are the. transgressors.
[24.56] And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and obey the
Apostle, so that mercy may be shown to you.
[24.57] Think not that those who disbelieve shall escape in the
earth, and their abode is the fire; and certainly evil is the resort!
[24.58] O you who believe! let those whom your right hands possess
and those of you who have not attained to puberty ask permission of you three
times; before the morning prayer, and when you put off your clothes at midday
in summer, and after the prayer of the nightfall; these are three times of
privacy for you; neither is it a sin for you nor for them besides these, some
of you must go round about (waiting) upon others; thus does Allah make clear
to you the communications, and Allah is Knowing, Wise.
[24.59] And when the children among you have attained to puberty,
let them seek permission as those before them sought permission; thus does
Allah make clear to you His communications, and Allah is knowing, Wise.
[24.60] And (as for) women advanced in years who do not hope for a
marriage, it is no sin for them if they put off their clothes without
displaying their ornaments; and if they restrain themselves it is better for
them; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.
[24.61] There is no blame on the blind man, nor is there blame on
the lame, nor is there blame on the sick, nor on yourselves that you eat from
your houses, or your fathers' houses or your mothers' houses, or your
brothers' houses, or your sisters' houses, or your paternal uncles' houses,
or your paternal aunts' houses, or your maternal uncles' houses, or your
maternal aunts' houses, or what you possess the keys of, or your friends'
(houses). It is no sin in you that you eat together or separately. So when
you enter houses, greet your people with a salutation from Allah, blessed
(and) goodly; thus does Allah make clear to you the communications that you
[24.62] Only those are believers who believe in Allah and His
Apostle, and when they are with him on a momentous affair they go not away
until they have asked his permission; surely they who ask your permission are
they who believe in Allah and His Apostle; so when they ask your permission
for some affair of theirs, give permission to whom you please of them and ask
forgiveness for them from Allah; surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.63] Do not hold the Apostle's calling (you) among you to be
like your calling one to the other; Allah indeed knows those who steal away
from among you, concealing themselves; therefore let those beware who go
against his order lest a trial afflict them or there befall them a painful
[24.64] Now surely Allah's is whatever is in the heavens and the
earth; He knows indeed that to which you are conforming yourselves; and on
the day on which they are returned to Him He will inform them of what they
did; and Allah is Cognizant of all things.