Ahimsa: The practice of non-violence and
reverence for life. Ahimsa forbids the taking of animal life at any level.
Digambaras: The sect of Jainism that insists on
going naked, as did the Mahavira, when duty called
Vows: The principle of
self-denial, central to Jain belief, which includes
the renunciation of (1) killing living things, (2) lying, (3) greed,
(4) sexual pleasure, and (5) worldly attachments.
Mahavira (60 ft statue)
Jains: The designation for the disciples of
Mahavira the Jina (the
Jina: Literally, “the conqueror.” The
designation given to Mahavira for his achievement
of victory over his bodily desires. His disciples were thus named
Mahavira: An honorific title meaning “great
man,” given to the founder of Jainism.
Nirgrantha: Literally, “naked one.” A person who
practices asceticism in accordance with Jain
Sallakhana: The rite of voluntary self-starvation
which, according to tradition, took the life of
Shvetambaras: “The white clad,” one of the two main
sects of Jainism. The Shvetambaras are the liberal wing who believe in
wearing at least one garment in contrast to the
Digambaras, who insist on wearing nothing when duty demands.
Sthanakvasis: A Jain sect that worships everywhere,
not allowing for idols or temples.
Tirthankara: A savior being. According to Jain
belief, Mahavira is the 24th Tirthankara, the last
and greatest of the savior beings.
Twelve Angas: The part of the sacred scriptures of
Jainism which holds the foremost position.
Venerable One: One of the titles given to the
Mahavira by his later disciples.