Abu Bakr: The first Moslem caliph (reigned 632-634 A.D.), according to Sunni Muslims. The Shi’ite Muslims reject this and instead consider the fourth caliph, ’Ali, as the first true successor to Mohammad.
Adhan: Call for formal Islamic prayer
The name of the Islamic “supreme being,” derived form the Arabic Al-Ilah.
Allah is sometimes thought to be but another name for the one true
Ahzab: Parties; Ahzab is a description of the various tribes that fought the Muslims in the Battle of the Ditch in 627 C.E., 5 A.H.
Al-Asharatu Mubashshirun: Ten companions which were given the glad tidings of assurance of entering Paradise. They included Hadhrat Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Abdur Rahman ibn Awf, Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah, Talhah ibn Ubaydullah, az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, and Sa'id ibn Zayd.
Alhamdulillah: Praise be to Allah
Alim: Scholors or Learned persons in Islam
Ameen: So be it (Amen)
Amir ul Mu'mineen: Leader of the Faithful believers
Arabic: Mother language of Saudi Arabia and most of the Middle East
Asr: 3rd prayer of five daily, offered in the afternoon. Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are the 5 time daily prayers of Islam.
As-salaamo alaykum: Peace be on you
Astughfarullah: a prayer for forgiveness; I ask Allah's forgiveness
Aurah: ahe way a Muslim should dress
Ayah: 1. A verse in the Quran. 2. A miracle or sign.
Badr: Battle of Badr; first “holy” battle between Meccans and Muslims
Bin, ibn: son of
Dai-ilallah: caller towards Allah
Dua: prayer, supplication
Eid-ul-Fitr: Muslim festival concluding the fasting after Ramadhan
Fajr: 1st of the five daily prayers. Offered during dawn. Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are the 5 time daily prayers of Islam.
Farsi: Persian. Language of Iran and neighboring countries.
Fatwa: Religious verdict/ruling
Fardh: Obligatory to Muslims
Fiqh: A comprehension, interpretation or understanding in the Islamic Sharia.
Firqa / Madhahib: Division, schism, or sectism.
Fitna: war, strife or riots
Hadhrat or Hazrat: An honorific title equivalent to “His Holiness.”
Hajj: A pilgrimage to Mecca. One of the five pillars of the Islamic faith.
Haram: unlawful; prohibited in Islam
Hijaab: The veil of the women, or Muslimah to cover the head.
Hijri: the Islamic calendar or era
Ibn, bin: son of
Iblees, iblis: synonym For Satan, or Shaytaan
Ihram: clothing for hajj
Ihsan: moral actions
Imam: 1. Muslim leader; 2. leader of prayers; 3. A Moslem who is considered by Sunnis to be an authority in Islamic law and theology or the man who leads the prayers. Also refers to each of the founders of the four principal sects of Islam. The Shi’ites accept 12 great Imams.
Injeel: Bible; the Gospels
Insha Allah: Allah willing
Isa Ibn Maryam: Jesus, son of Mary
Isha: 5th of the five daily prayers, offered before midnight (during night-time). Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are the 5 time daily prayers of Islam.
Jamaat, Jama'ah: religious organization or community
Jannah: paradise or heaven
Jazakallah: May Allah reward you
Jehad / Jihad: holy war; a struggle for Islam
Jehannam / Jahannam: Hell
Jihad: holy war; a struggle for Islam. When any Muslim anywhere declares a jihad, all Muslims everywhere are duty-bound to join the jihad. Since Osama bin Laden declared a jihad against the United States, all Muslims everywhere, including all American citizens who are Muslims, are duty bound to participate in the jihad against America.
Jinn: [alt. djinn, pl. djinni] A desert
demon. One of a class of spirit beings that according to
Moslem demonology inhabit the earth, assume various forms, and
exercise supernatural powers. This is virtually the Bible’s definition of
demons. They often take human form and serve their summoner (as in
Aladdin's lamp). Allah is only one of them. The
plural form is jinni. The Bible teaches that all false “gods” are
actually demons; therefore, Allah is a demon posing as a
Jum'ah: Friday; Muslim holy day
Ka'aba, Kaaba: first Islamic worship house; the Grand Mosque; a small stone building located in the court of the great mosque at Mecca containing the black stone (a meteorite) supposedly given to Abraham by Gabriel.
Kafir / Kufr: one who rejects and are disbelieves in Allah and his religion
Kalima, Kalima Tayyaba: pronouncement that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is His Messenger; the first pillar of Islam.
Khadija: Mohammed's first wife
Khataman Nabiyyan: Seal of Prophets; entitled to Mohammed (33:41)
Khulafa: plural of khalifa.
Khutba: Friday sermon
La-illaha-illulahu; Muhammadur-rasullulah: there is no
Maghrib: fourth prayer offered in five daily prayers: after sunset. Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are the 5 time daily prayers of Islam.
Mahdi: “The guided one.” A leader who will cause righteousness to fill the earth. The Sunnites are still awaiting his initial appearance while the Shi’ites hold that the last Imam, who disappeared in 874 A.D. will someday reappear as the Mahdi.
Mahram: unlawful for women to marry because of blood relationship or otherwise
Masih: messiah; chosen one
Mohammad / Muhammad: The “prophet” and founder of Islam. Born around 570 A.D., died 632 A.D.
Mo'min: one who accepts Allah and his form of religion
Mosque: Muslim temple; an Islamic place of worship.
Mulla: A teacher of Islamic laws and doctrines.
Na'uozho billah: (a prayer) “Allah forbid this from happening”
Nabiyullah: prophet of Allah
PBUH: Peace be unto him
Purday: A veil or covering used by Moslem women to ensure them privacy against public observation, and to indicate their submission.
Qadah: offering a missed prayer
Qasida: Arabic ode usually involving praise of patron lyrics, prelude
Quraish / Koraish: Arab tribe to which Mohammed belonged
(Koran): Religious text or Law of Islam; said to be the final
and complete inspired word of
R.A. / RA: Radhiallau anho; May Allah be pleased with him.
Raka'a: a series of postures from standing to prostration. (The Muslim prayers are made into Raka'as)
Rasulullah: messenger of Allah
Radhiallau anho (R.A., RA): May Allah be pleased with him.
Sadaqah: charity given voluntarily
Sa'ee: slow running or pilgrimage between Mt. Safa and Marwa
Sahabah: companions of a Prophet
Salat: The Moslem daily prayer ritual. One of the five pillars of Islamic faith. Formal Prayer offered according to prescribed procedure. Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are the 5 time daily prayers of Islam.
Saum / Siyyamah: fasting
Shahada: To seek death for Allah. Palestinian leaders are now brainwashing children as young as 12 or 13 years old to actively seek to die as Shaheedin (martyrs) for Allah in the jihad against Israel. They are taught that not only is Shahada their duty, it is something sweet to be pursued. Yasser Arafat and the Palestinian Authority actively praise these young Shaheedin and hold them up as an example to be followed by all Palestinian children. Click here for a video from Zola Levitt.
Shaheed: martyr; witness
Shari'a: The total sum of injunctions, that address those who qualify for being obligated to regard the religious duties. It details the way of life that the Creator intends for the created, who believe in him, to abide by and to follow.
Shirk: association of partners with
Siyyamah / Saum: fasting
Subhanahu Wa Tha'ala (swt): Holy is he the Glory, the Highest
Sufis: Iranian (Persian) philosophical mystics who have largely adapted and reinterpreted Islam for themselves.
Sunnah: a practice of Mohammed
Tabligh: preaching, propagation
Tafseer: interpretation and commentary (of the Qur'an etc.)
Talawat: recitation from the Qur'an
Talim / taleem: education
Tayyab and Halaal food: lawful and pure food for Muslims
Ummah: the followers and people of Mohammed
Urdu: language of Pakistan
Uswa-e-Hasna: an excellent example to follow - given to the Mohammed
Wahi: divine revelation
Waqf: an inalienable religious endowment in Islamic law, typically denoting a building or plot of land for Muslim religious or charitable purposes; the permanent dedication by a Muslim of any property for any purpose recognized by the Muslim law as religious, pious or charitable. What is important for non-Muslims to understand is that once property has been declared a waqf, it can never be transferred to an “infidel” (non-Muslim) for any reason. Islam considers of of the Nation of Israel to be an Islamic waqf, therefore under Islamic law Israel can never be allowed to exist as a non-Muslim state. See also the Wikipedia article.
Yarham kumullah: may Allah bless You
Zakat: donations, charity
Zikr-e-Elahi: remembrance of Allah
Zuhr: second of five daily prayers offered. Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha are the 5 time daily prayers of Islam.
For more Islamic terms, go to:
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